Varna is located in the northeast of Bulgaria, on the West Bank of the Black Sea, and extends to Varna Bay. It is the largest port and the third largest city in Bulgaria. It covers an area of 3.44% of the whole country and is composed of 12 autonomous cities with a population of 5.4%, mainly concentrated in Varna. The region has a high degree of development and great growth potential. The city has 522 townships with a total area of 12000 square kilometers and a population of about 1 million, of which the urban area is 205 square kilometers and a population of about 350000.
Varna is located on the West Bank of the Black Sea, close to the mouth of the Danube River and the Bosporus Strait. It is an important geographical location. It is the intersection of Europe's highway 4, 8, 9 and 10, and also the link between Europe and Asia. It undertakes more than 50% of China's maritime trade and has direct freight routes with Europe, Central Asia and Africa. At the same time, there are passenger liner connecting Russia, Georgia, Ukraine and other countries. Varna has the second largest airport in Bulgaria and has regular and charter flights with 101 cities in 35 countries in the world.
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Port of Varna (Port Code: BGVAR) is the largest seaport complex in Bulgaria. Located on the Black Sea's west coast on Varna Bay, along Lake Varna and Lake Beloslav, it also comprises the outlying port of Balchik. It has a significant further development potential with 44 km (27 mi) of sheltered inland waterfront on the lakes alone, easily accessible by road and railroad and adjacent to Varna International Airport. It has two terminals: Varna East Port Terminal, which is situated deep into the Bay of Varna, at only 1 km distance from the city center and Varna West Port Terminal - the most modern port facility at the northern Black Sea coast of Bulgaria. The port can accommodate vessels of 20 thousand tons. Major exports include livestock, processed foodstuffs, and grain. Since the late 1950s, the Port of Varna is a favorite tourist destination and headquarters to Bulgaria’s Navy and merchant Marine.
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