Port of CATOR

Toronto Port (CATOR)

Port Code CATOR City Toronto
Port Name TORONTO Country/Region Canada
Category Port City Route CANADA
Nearby Main Port Inland Transport
Official Website Port Type Main Port

Introduction of Toronto Port (CATOR)


The Port of Toronto is located on the northwest bank of Lake Ontario in the southeast of Canada, and is about 260nmiles from the port of Montreal in the northeast. It is one of the main ports in Canada. The trading port and fortress established by French colonists as early as 1750, is now the provincial capital of Ontario and one of the nation's financial, commercial, industrial and cultural centers. The city has 22 banks, 25 trust company headquarters and the Toronto Stock Exchange, which ranks third among the North American exchanges. It is an important cargo distribution center in Canada. The port has a railway line that can directly reach the port of Vancouver on the western coast. It has favorable conditions for international multimodal transport. It is very close to the capital of Ottawa and the Port of Montreal, and is very close to the United States. The Port of New York is only a 9-hour drive away. The industry is second only to Montreal, and the main industries include machinery manufacturing, meat processing, electrical equipment, printing, chemicals and clothing. The port is also a meeting point of Eastern and Western cultures. All ethnic groups can maintain their own fine culture and arts. The University of Toronto, the country's largest institution of higher learning, has more than 100 buildings, so it is known as the "Cultural City". The port also has the Canadian National Television Tower, which ranks first in the world, with a height of 553m, which is known as a representative of advanced building technology. The port is about 27km away from the international airport , and there are regular flights to all parts of the world every day.

The Port of Toronto has a temperate continental climate. The average temperature in January is about -9℃, and the average temperature in July is about 20℃. When the St. Lawrence River freezes in winter, it is open to ships from early April to December 20th. The annual average rainfall is about 1200mm.

The Port of Toronto includes the inner and outer western parts of the port. There are 20 main berths in the port area, with a coastline of 3490m and a maximum water depth of 9.2m. The loading and unloading equipment includes various shore cranes, portable cranes, floating cranes, container cranes and ro-ro facilities, among which the maximum lifting capacity of shore cranes is 300 tons, and there are oil pipelines with a diameter of 200mm for loading and unloading. Port warehouses The area is 80,000 square meters, and the cargo yard area is 356,000 square meters. The container terminal has a container truck with a 40ft frame. The maximum lifting capacity is 56 tons, and it can load and unload containers of 20ft and 40ft. The Canadian National Railway Company (CN) has opened a double-deck container train between HALIFAX/Toronto/Montreal, which can reduce the weight of transportation vehicles and reduce fuel costs. In 1992, Falcon’s container throughput was 19,000 TEU, and its annual cargo handling capacity was about 15 million tons. The main export goods are steel pipes, grains, scrap steel, petroleum products, manufactured goods and groceries. The main imported goods are coal, cement, steel, machinery, sugar, grains, flour, petroleum products and groceries. You must pay double the cost for working on holidays.

The Port of Toronto or Toronto Bay is a bay on the north shore of Lake Ontario, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. This is a natural harbor protected by Lake Ontario in the Toronto Islands. Today the port is mainly used for recreational boating, including private boats and cruise ships that provide scenic or party cruises. Ferries depart from the mainland piers to the archipelago, and cargo ships provide aggregates and raw sugar to industries in the port. Historically, the port has been used for military ships, passenger and cargo transportation. Waterfront uses include residential, entertainment, cultural, commercial and industrial land.


The Port of Toronto has two ports: the original natural port, today named "inner port" and "outer port". Enter the Inner Harbor through the Western Canyon or the Eastern Canyon. The Don River drains into the inner harbor, from the northeast, through the Keating Passage.

The inner harbor is used by cruise ships and commercial ships. The Port Toronto agency maintains the seaport and operates port facilities and a passenger ship terminal on the east coast. The North Shore has a variety of uses, including the waterfront, which changes from industrial land to recreational and cultural uses. There are many facilities such as parks, hotels, and amphitheaters along the waterfront. An industrial use related to the port, the Red Road Sugar Factory, remains on the North Shore, and most of the land has been converted to other uses. The Jack Leighton Pier is located at the foot of Bay Street, where fun and party cruise ships dock along the shore west of York Street.

The West Canyon is a 120-meter (390-foot) wide passage that allows the west to enter the inner harbor. The gap is deep enough (more than 31 meters) to allow large ships (such as lake cargo ships) to enter and exit the inner port.The Bishop Toronto City Airport is located on the south side of the channel and is accessible by ferry and tunnel. Before the island airport was built, the waterway was wide and the beach was surrounded by light blue sand. The channel is dredged and the sand is stored to form the airport land.

The eastern gap is about two hundred meters (660 feet) of passage between Ward Island and the western edge of the port strip, where most cargo planes enter the inner port and port facilities. This gap was formed between 1852 and 1858, when the wind and rain at that time caused the sand and dust a connected to the mainland. Before the 1880s, boat users had to use the port from Lake Ontario to the inner harbor at the western end of the Sandy Peninsula (hence they were required to make short trips on land). After 1858, the port trust fund temporarily channeled into the permanent waterway.


Toronto also has a second port called the "Outer Port" (the Port of Toronto is sometimes called the Inner Port). Cherry Beach Clark Beach Park in Toronto is located on the north side of the Outer Harbor and is very popular in summer. It usually meets high water quality, environmental protection and safety standards.37 kilometers from Toronto waterfront, Lake Ontario Park will pass through the outer harbour.The city of Toronto operates the wharf at the eastern end of the port. Eight community water sports clubs form an independent Outer Harbor Sailing Association, sharing a strip on the east side of Clark Beach Park in Cherry Beach. The clubs are: Hanlan Boat Club, Moldovan Sailing Club, Outer Harbor Center Club, St. James Town Sailing Club, Toronto Multi-ship Cruise Club, Toronto Windsurfing Club, Water Sailing Club and Westwood Sailing Club.

The harbor was developed by the Toronto Port Authority through the construction of a new breakwater named "Outer Harbor East Cape" from the 1950s to the 1960s. At that time, when the St. Lawrence pirates open, the number of ships in Toronto will increase greatly. However, the need for additional ports has never been realized, and private boats are currently the only means of transportation commonly found.


Today, port facilities are limited to the east bank of the port, except for the Red Road Sugar Factory at the foot of Jarvis Street. The tonnage of cargo passing through the port is mainly composed of brown sugar and sugar, aggregates (cement, stone), and salt are sent to the facilities on the east bank of the port.

  • In 2007, the port handled 1.6 million tons of traffic, accounting for 0.3% of the national port traffic, ranking 16th among the 19 Canadian Port Authority ports.
  • In 2006, the Canadian Transport Company ranked 39th among all 313 ports in Canada, shipping in gross tonnage.
  • Statistics Canada ranks 15th in Ontario's transportation activity.


The soil changes vary from continent to island:

  • Stone near the western gorge
  • Nihe near the north bank, Tanghekou
  • The beach near the airport, the western part of the northern part of the island and the outer port
  • Clay near the center of the port


Gaasyendietha is a legendary Loch Ness monster in Toronto, sometimes found in Lake Ontario and even the Port of Toronto. The story of Gaasyendietha is a native Canadian myth from the Seneca tribe.

Port business

The Toronto Port Authority (TPA) manages and operates not only the Port of Toronto, but the city's city center airport, including its MEDVAC service. TPA owns and operates the outer port terminal and more than 50 acres of paved cargo handling area. The Port of Toronto is adjacent to the city’s industrial, commercial, and cultural centers, with direct access to the road and rail network of the metropolitan area, and can cover a wider range of markets in Ontario, Midwestern Canada, northwestern Quebec, and the northeastern United States.

The Port of Toronto operates more than 20 hectares, including seven offshore berths, a sea terminal of nearly 14,000 square meters, a container terminal of 100,000 square meters, a thermal storage with electrical connections, and a safe paved courtyard.

Storage facilities at the Port of Toronto include Warehouse 52, an indoor heating room with containers and service pallets for rail and trucks. There are three sheds in the paved courtyard protected by 24-hour security, with an area of ​​nearly 21,000 square meters, and two shanty houses with an area of ​​more than 103 square meters. The large-scale laying container yard contains several container cranes and electric stoppers, which can directly enter the railway service. Rolling/rolling-off docks are provided with wall-paved docks. In 2003, the Port of Toronto handled more than two million tons of cargo, an increase of 22% year-on-year.

The main bulk cargoes distributed from ports include sugar, salt, cement, aggregates, asphalt and liquids.

For a while, patrolling the Great Lakes was a profitable thing. However, with the increase in the number of cruise ships and the limited scale of the St. Lawrence Strait, the cruise business has actually ended for 25 years. In 1997, after C. Columbus arrived, it still stopped for 25 years, leading to the rebirth of the tourism industry in the Port of Toronto.

Since 1997, the cruise business has grown steadily. In 2008, 14 cruise ships visited the port during the summer due to the Great Lakes Cruise Alliance established by the Toronto Port Authority.

Docks and berths

Piers existed along the Toronto waterfront in the nineteenth century, but they have been replaced by piers. When the waterfront was filled with Toronto's current "missing" creek, most of the former piers disappeared.

List of former piers along the central waterfront:

  • Allen/Merchant Wharf-Frederick Street
  • Commissary Wharf-Peter Street
  • Conner Wharf-York Street
  • Cooper's/Feighan's/Maitland's Wharf-Church Street
  • Dufferin Street Pier
  • Goodham Wharf and Elevator-Don River
  • Hamilton Pier-Church Street
  • Higginbotham's Pier-Yonge Street
  • Hogarty and Grussett Wharf and Elevator-Simcoe Street
  • Manson Wharf-Market Street
  • Millous Wharf-Yonge Street
  • King/Navy Pier-John and Peter Street
  • Northern Rail Terminal and Elevator-Portland Street
  • Queen's Wharf-Bathurst Street
  • Sylvester Brothers and Hickman Wharf-Church Street
  • Taylor Wharf-George Street
  • Sining Pier-York Street
  • Toronto and Northern Railway Terminal-Berkeley Street
  • Walsh and Love's Wharf-Simcoe Street

List of current piers/taxiing along the waterfront:

  • Buster Pier
  • Maple Leaf Pier
  • John Quay
  • York Pier
  • Queen's Wharf
  • Sheep Wharf
  • Ris Saint-Pierre
  • Simcoe St. Slip

Other Ports in Canada

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Summary of CATOR

The Port of Toronto (Port Code: CATOR) is a port situated on the northwest shore of Lake Ontario. Located minutes from Toronto’s downtown core, it is one of Canada's largest major inland ports and serves as Toronto’s gateway, which welcomes cruise ships and passengers from around the globe through the Cruise Ship Terminal to the St. Lawrence Seaway and to marine ports around the world.
Serving primarily as a bulk cargo destination, the port boasts a seamless network of cost-effective intermodal links to road, rail and air transportation. It mainly handles sugar to the Redpath refinery and aggregate materials such as sand, gravel and salt. There are 3 miles (4.8 km) of deep-water wharfage for the loading and unloading of bulk products. Marine terminals include inside and outside storage, and some 6,000 square feet of berthing space for ships carrying general cargo.

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