A city of northeast Kazakhstan, the capital of Semipalatinsk. On the river elzis. The population is 317000 (1985). It was built as a fortress in 1718. Due to the flood of the river, the city moved 18 km upstream in 1778. Railway hub; River port. Important meat processing center, and there are shoes, combed wool, wool processing, knitting and other light industries, cement, cable, ship repair plants, etc. There are colleges and universities and museums. After Kazakhstan's independence, the city was renamed semiy. The city was once a Soviet nuclear test base.
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