On the southwest coast Rhine River and Maas west of the river into the sea at the confluence formed by Delta,: Port of Rotterdam (NLRTM), the Netherlands Port Type: estuary sea, set There are bonded warehouses and basic ports (C, M)#. It was built at the end of the 13th century when it was only a small seaport and trading center. In 1600, it developed into the second largest commercial port in the Netherlands. In 1870, the waterway leading directly from the port to the North Sea (the urban area is about 16n mile from the seaport) developed rapidly after being renovated. Since the 1960s, it has been the world's largest cargo port and the gateway to the Rhine River Basin. It is now the second largest city in the Netherlands, a transportation hub for water, land and air, and an important commercial and financial center. Rotterdam is now the world's largest port for cargo throughput, as well as the commodity distribution center in Western Europe, and the largest container port in Europe. The main industries include oil refining, shipbuilding, petrochemicals, steel, food and machinery manufacturing. There is a large oil refinery here, its refining capacity accounts for more than half of the total capacity of the Netherlands, is one of the world's three major oil refining centers. Because many famous buildings in Lukang are modern, Lukang is known as the "most modern city in Europe". The port from the airport approximately 6km, from Amsterdam Airport is 70km.
The annual cargo throughput of the Port of Rotterdam is about 450 million tons. The size of the seaport is 5257 hectares (12990 acres); the area is 5299 hectares (13,090 acres); the land and sea size is 12,500 hectares (of which about 6000 hectares are business premises), and the total length of the terminal 42 kilometers, with a draft of 22 meters at its deepest point, it can berth an extra-large oil tanker of 545,000 tons. Approximately 30,000 marine vessels and 110,000 inland vessels pass through the Port of Rotterdam every year. . After the Second World War, with the revival of the European economy and the establishment of the common market, the Port of Rotterdam developed rapidly with its superior geographical location: In 1961, the throughput of the Port of Rotterdam exceeded the Port of New York (180 million tons) for the first time, becoming the world's largest port, and has remained the world's largest port ever since. The status of the largest port. There are more than 30,000 ships entering Rotterdam each year, and more than 120,000 inland vessels sailing to European countries. The Port of Rotterdam has the world's most advanced ECT container terminal with an annual transport volume of 6.4 million TEUs, ranking fourth in the world. The port of Rotterdam employs more than 70,000 people, accounting for 1.4% of the national employed population, freight volume accounts for 78% of the national total, and the total output value reaches 12 billion Dutch guilders, which accounts for approximately 2.5% of the Dutch gross national product. The biggest feature of the Rotterdam Port area service is one-stop storage, transportation and sales. Through some bonded warehouses and cargo distribution centers for storage, transportation and reprocessing, the added value of the goods is increased, and then the goods are delivered to destinations in the Netherlands and Europe through various transportation routes such as roads, railways, rivers, air and sea.