Kuwait is a major oil exporting port. Located on the southeast coast of the country. Close to the world's largest oil field, Burgan, with oil pipelines leading to the oil field. There are also 13.5 million tons of large-scale refineries on lu'a'an. Shuaiba, the second largest commercial port with more than 20 berths in the south, is only more than 2 nautical miles away from shuweihe port, 26 nautical miles away from shuweihe port, 486 nautical miles southeast to Hormuz Strait and 2270 nautical miles to kelunpo port. The port is mainly composed of the internal jetty of the quay wall and the offshore artificial island wharf. The South jetty is near the town of Ahmadi. The land bank extends 1280 meters to a depth of 15 meters. There are 1183m T-shaped wharves on the top, with 8 berths with low tide water depth of 13.0-15.3m, 5 for oil and 2 for natural gas. The North jetty is located 3.5 nautical miles north of the South jetty, with a long arm of 1449 meters extending from the land, a top wharf of 7602 meters long, and five oil berths with a water depth of 17.8-19.4 meters. The artificial island terminal is 7.4 nautical miles offshore and has two oil export berths with a water depth of 29.4 meters, which can dock 500000 DWT oil tankers. With an annual oil transportation capacity of over 100 million tons, the port is one of the famous large oil ports in the Gulf. Kuwait is a land "floating" on the sea. By the end of 1989, its proven oil reserves were 12.9 billion tons, ranking fourth in the world. In the same year, the crude oil output was more than 71 million tons [in 1976, the highest oil production was 166 million tons, and the export was 147 million tons]; The refining capacity is 40 million tons, and most of the crude oil and product oil are exported. In the 1990 Iraq war against Kuwait, 900 oil wells in the country were ignited by the Iraqi army. After nearly a year of fighting, the fire was finally put out. At present, Kuwait's oil production is recovering.
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Mena Al Ahmadi (Port Code:KWMEA) caters for tankers, crude/products and gas carriers only, which is situated on the northwest shore of the Gulf, 30km south of Al-Kuwayt. The terminals which include South Pier, New Oil Pier, North Pier, Shuaiba Petroleum Products Pier (see separate entry), Mina Abdulla Sea Island (see separate entry) and the refineries are owned by Kuwait National Petroleum Company (KNPC). The SPM's are owned by Kuwait Oil Company (KOC). Marine operations of the above terminals are run by Kuwait Oil Company's harbour master, pilots, tugs and craft are owned and controlled by Kuwait Oil Company. Approx 40,000,000t of crude and oil products and 1,450 vessels are handled annually. Max size: Alongside: LOA 454m, draught 16.9m, 276,000DWT (315,000t displacement part loaded). SBM: LOA unlimited, draught 27.43m, 500,000DWT. Largest vessels handled: "Jahre Viking", ULCC, 564,763DWT, draught 22.6m. "Kapitan Giannis", ULCC, 517,000DWT, draught 25m.
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