Longkou Port is an artificial deep-water port located on the shore of Laizhou Bay in Longkou City, Shandong Province. Founded in 1914, Longkou Port is located on the south bank of Bohai Sea and northwest of Jiaodong Peninsula, facing the Liaodong Peninsula across the sea. It is one of the three core port areas and two billion-ton port areas in Yantai City planned and constructed by the government. The largest export trade port for non-bulk cargo and bauxite import port, the first domestic bauxite import port, my country's first batch of direct ports to Taiwan, and the country's proposed North Coal Outbound Shipping Port.
Longkou Port was founded in 1914. It was listed as a first-class port and opened to the outside world in 1984. In 2002, it passed the ISO9001 series quality certification. In 2007, it was awarded the National May 1st Labor Award by the All-China Federation of Trade Unions. In 2014, it exceeded 70 million tons. Longkou Port has more than 6,200 meters of shoreline and 29 production berths, of which 5 are 100,000-tonne, 5 are 50,000-tonne, and 7 are 10,000-tonne. The annual approved passing capacity is 50 million tons. The main channel has a water depth of -15.5 meters and a bottom width of 200 meters. 100,000-ton ships can enter and exit the port normally. The port area has a warehouse area of 1.4 million square meters, a public bonded warehouse area of 138,000 square meters, a petrochemical storage capacity of 960,000 cubic meters, and a bulk grain tank storage capacity of 100,000 tons.
The port machinery is fully equipped, with a total of more than 800 units (sets), with a maximum load of 80 tons. The port currently mainly operates businesses such as coal, petrochemicals, bauxite, iron ore, cement and clinker, containers, and African general cargo liners. It has two Shandong province-level services, namely "large package cement efficiency" and "China-Africa general cargo liner". famous brand. In 2008, the port throughput was 30.4 million tons, ranking 21st in the 2008 "cargo throughput" statistics of China Ports Association. After nearly 6 years of rapid development, Longkou Port has developed into a modern comprehensive port with both domestic and foreign trade operations, public dedicated berths, container, bulk cargo and oil products logistics services.
In 2009, it became the largest port for trade with Africa in China. Its throughput exceeded 70 million tons in 2014 and plans to reach 100 million tons of ports in 2020. The West Port District of Longkou Port was put into production in January 2011. Its status as the largest port for bauxite imports is rock solid. Natural conditions Wind conditions: Normal winds are south, strong winds are north-north-east. The maximum wind speed is 34 meters per second, and the annual average wind speed is 47.7 days. The latest photos of Longkou (7 photos) Precipitation: The average annual precipitation is 633.3 mm, and the maximum annual precipitation is 944.9 mm.
Fog conditions: The annual average number of foggy days is 10 days, and the maximum annual foggy days are 19 days. It is foggy in April and less foggy from September to October. Temperature: The annual average temperature is 11.6℃. The average temperature in July is 25.4℃, the highest temperature is 38.3℃, the monthly average temperature is -3.1℃, and the lowest temperature is -21.3℃. Ice condition: During the peak ice period from January to February each year, the average ice volume is 2.2 and the density is 5-7, which has no effect on the navigation of ships.
Tide: Irregular half-diurnal tide. The highest tide level is 3.40 meters (the zero point of the tide gauge is 0.86 meters below the base of the Yellow Sea), the lowest tide level is -1.23 meters; the average high tide level is 1.36 meters, the average low tide level is 0.45 meters; the average tide range is 0.91 meters, the maximum tide range is 2.87 meters, and the minimum tide The difference is 0.03 meters. Tidal range: The maximum tidal range is 5 meters, and the minimum tide range is 0.01 meters. Current: The rising tide near the cement piers of Longkou Port is northward with a flow rate of 0.26 meters per second, and the ebb tide goes south-south-west with a flow rate of 0.26 meters per second. The direction of the rising tide in the sea west of the outer port boundary is southeast-east with a flow velocity of 0.13 m/s, and the direction of the ebb tide is north-northwest with a flow velocity of 0.13 m/s. Longkou Port's biggest feature is that it does not freeze or silt all year round. Longkou Port is located in the central area of the Bohai Rim Economic Circle, with good natural conditions for the port. There is a natural sand dam of Liandao 8 kilometers long from east to west as a barrier to the north and golden sand beaches to the south.
The natural water depth at the end of Qishu Island is more than -15 meters, and the maximum water depth is -23 meters. The land area at the rear is vast, and it has excellent conditions for building deep-water berths. The hinterland of Longkou Port has abundant natural resources, developed industry and agriculture, active export-oriented economy, and strong development momentum of processing and manufacturing industries. It is one of the regions with rapid economic development in my country.
The direct economic hinterland of the port includes Longkou City and its surrounding cities and counties, as well as more than 30 counties and cities in five regions including Weifang, Zibo, Dongying, Dezhou and Binzhou. Longkou City, where the port is located, ranks 11th on the national competitiveness ranking of the top 100 counties, with a population of 630,000 and rich natural resources. It has the country's only low-altitude large-scale coastal coal base. The southern mountainous area is rich in mineral resources such as gold, granite, and limestone. Zhaoyuan, Laizhou and other cities are rich in mineral resources and are the main stone bases in northern my country. In Weifang, Zibo, Dongying and other areas, the steel industry and grain processing industry are prominent, and the petrochemical industry is even more developed. Qilu Petrochemical, Shengli Oilfield, Binzhou Petrochemical, Jingbo Petrochemical and many other large petrochemical enterprise groups are located here.
-Longkou Port has convenient water and land transportation, has more than 70 domestic and foreign routes, and has business dealings with ports in more than 50 countries and regions in the world. Longkou Port has a well-developed collection and distribution system, with Dalailong, Yiyang, and Jiaoji railways as the framework, Weiwu, Jiqing, Dongqing, Binbo and other highways as the veins, and Qingzhou "no water port" as the cargo distribution center , With Shouguang, Dajiawa, Yangkou and other sites as nodes, and the transfer route from Bohai Rim Port to Longkou Port as echoes, the collection and distribution network closely connects Longkou Port with customers in the hinterland.
'The De (zhou)-Long (kou)-Yan (Taiwan) railway under construction is a key project in the "Eleventh Five-Year" development plan of Shandong Province. It will form a large coastal railway corridor connecting the northwest and traversing the territory of Shandong, making Longkou The port has become an important part of the transportation network around the Bohai Sea. By then, Longkou Port will not only be able to undertake the task of exporting coal from the “Three West” to the sea, but also the port’s cargo hinterland will extend to Gan, Ning, Shaan, Shanxi, Hebei and other regions and further expand The scope of the economic hinterland is closely linked with the economic hinterland.
Since 2003, Longkou Port Group has vigorously implemented the strategy of diversifying investment entities, accelerated the transformation of port strategy, and focused on building a modern logistics center. The port’s asset scale, throughput, profits and taxes, and employee income have continued to grow rapidly, and the company’s comprehensive operational capabilities and services Ability continues to improve. In six years, the throughput has increased from 6.2 million tons to 30.4 million tons in 2008, an increase of 3.9 times; port assets have increased from 760 million yuan to 4 billion yuan, an increase of 4.3 times; and customs tariffs have increased from 200 million yuan to 25.3. 100 million yuan, an increase of 11.7 times; profits and taxes increased by 20.1 times.
In the first half of 2009, under the severe situation of the continued spread of the international financial crisis, port production and operation set sail in adversity, with throughput increasing by 16.2% year-on-year, ranking first in the province. In 2011, the throughput reached 60 million tons, and it is planned to build a domestic port of 100 million tons in 2015. With the completion and commissioning of the deep-water wharf in the west port area of Longkou Port, Longkou Port is in a period of historical take-off.
Using information technology, the port and the port, the port and the customs, the port and the cargo owner, the port and the agency, the port and the carrier are connected to form a moderately open organic whole, providing such things as cargo owner tracking involving cargo status, cargo handover documents, Handle and manage information such as bills of lading, customs clearance, intermodal transportation, warehousing and storage conditions, ship schedule forecasts, berth usage, and freight market quotations, expand business cooperation, establish international logistics, and enable ports to function as logistics information ports. The goal of Longkou Port’s informatization construction is: internally build production, operation, and management systems, externally build logistics and trade platforms, realize the interconnection of ports, shippers, ports, shipping, finance and other logistics links, build a digital port, and provide users with information Shared and personalized services.
Standing at the overall height of the supply chain, providing systematic financial solutions for upstream and downstream customers, making full use of the RMB cargo collateral supervision qualification granted by major banks to Longkou Port, vigorously developing logistics banking business, and actively promoting the preparation of microfinance companies to standardize Operation, effectively controlling financial risks, linking trade, financing, and logistics businesses in the same supply chain, solving the problems of difficult and slow financing for customers, and realizing value-added logistics services.
Open the port’s collection and distribution channels from a strategic perspective: First, on the highway side, focus on logistics and distribution as the center to expand shipping channels and increase shipping capacity; second, on the railway side, continue to do a good job of road transshipment and railway door-to-door direct access to Qingzhou’s "dry port" Transportation; the third is to carry out in-depth operations of multi-cargo transfers, and build a multi-point support, efficient and unobstructed port collection and distribution system.
Build a shipping service center, realize the centralized handling of port customs clearance procedures, promote the rapid flow of various elements such as finance, trade, logistics, and information, increase the speed of port customs clearance, and optimize the port service environment. Make full use of 104,000 square meters of bonded storage yards and 310,000 cubic meters of public bonded oil depots, vigorously develop the bonded business of bauxite, iron ore, petroleum coke, and oil products, and build Longkou Port into a foreign supplier in China An important bonded cargo base in the country. Longkou Port and Longkou Customs have carried out close cooperation between customs and ports. Longkou Customs has successively launched reforms in customs clearance operations such as "paperless customs clearance", "online tax payment", and "networked supervision of processing trade", allowing enterprises and ports to enjoy more efficient and convenient services . On August 4, 2009, with the full promotion of Longkou Port and Longkou Customs, Qingdao (Longkou) Customs and Dalian Customs achieved regional customs clearance, and launched the "territorial declaration, port inspection and release" and cross-customs transfer between the two customs. The model further simplifies the customs clearance procedures for enterprises in Qingdao and Dalian customs jurisdictions to import and export goods from the ports of each other's jurisdiction, reduce customs clearance costs, improve customs clearance efficiency, strengthen exchanges between Shandong Province and the three northeastern provinces, and promote sustained and rapid economic growth in the region.
Give full play to the port’s advantages in integrated resources and agglomeration effects, and participate in and integrate into business activities between upstream and downstream enterprises in the port industry chain, making Longkou Port a center for the allocation of production factors of major enterprises in the northern region and a centralized trading place for physical commodities.
Since 2003, Longkou Port has opened a China-Africa general cargo route. Through the establishment of a special liner business department and other service methods, the four modules of marketing, agency, production and transportation have been integrated to provide customers with professional, systematic and refined logistics services. . After six years of cultivation, Longkou Port's exports to Africa accounted for half of the country's total in 2008, making it China's largest export port to Africa. In this business, personalized service brands such as "Large Package Cement Efficiency" and "China-Africa Grocery Liner" have successively won the title of Excellent Service Brand in Shandong Province.
Give full play to the competitive advantage of the "differentiated strategy", establish strategic partnerships with major customers, and provide customers with customized personalized value-added services. In the first half of 2009, bauxite completed a throughput of 2.98 million tons, and the Shandong port market share reached 41%, making it the largest port for domestic bauxite imports.
In terms of coal, under the strategic vision of the Shandong Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Government to build "Marine Shandong" and develop "Marine Coal", Longkou Port and Longkou Mining Group have jointly invested in the construction of the Shandong Seaport Coal Storage and Distribution Center Project to build production and transportation. The coal transfer supply center model that integrates distribution, distribution and demand; in terms of petroleum coke, Longkou Port’s foreign trade petroleum coke imports accounted for more than 60% of Shandong’s imports in the first half of 2009, making it the largest petroleum coke import port in China. On this basis, Longkou Port will further develop its petroleum coke export business and build the largest petroleum coke distribution center in China.
Relying on the well-equipped Lingang Industrial Park, it provides customers with full tracking services from import customs clearance procedures, dock unloading, transportation to park storage, sorting, processing, and distribution; by virtue of being granted "Unlimited Exposure Supervision Quota" by China CITIC Bank The advantage of providing customers with "logistics bank" financing services to achieve a win-win situation and development for all parties involved. The timber cluster park under construction will have an annual processing capacity of 700,000 cubic meters of timber. On the basis of a strategic cooperative relationship with the Zao Mining Group, Longkou Port will expand the supply market and strive to build the largest timber distribution center in Jiangbei.
As the only port company in the country with crude oil storage qualifications, Longkou Port has a liquid chemical zone covering an area of 800 acres. In recent years, Singapore Kangji Group's 310,000 cubic meters of fuel oil bonded tank farm, Longkou Hereda Company's 200,000 cubic meters of product oil tank farm, India's Haimadri Company's coal pitch tank farm, Qilu Petrochemical's liquid caustic soda and crude oil tanks District, Bohui Paper’s liquid caustic soda tank area and many other liquefied product tank areas have been built and put into production one after another, and the cluster effect of Lingang liquefied products is emerging.
Construction plan: From 2010 to 2015, the port construction project plans to invest 8 billion yuan, including 6.5 billion yuan investment in terminal engineering, 12 new berths, and an increase of 70 million tons of port throughput. The main construction is to build 5 100,000-ton general-purpose berths, 4 100,000-ton coal special berths, 1 200,000-ton crude oil berth, and 2 50,000-ton multi-purpose berths.
Development goal: Based on the strategic positioning of building a modern logistics center, to improve the operational efficiency of the main business, build a logistics service platform, extend the logistics service chain, and build a virtual logistics alliance as the strategic focus, and strive to build Longkou Port into a strong regional radiation capacity A national regional coal distribution center with a certain international logistics distribution function, a major petrochemical transit storage and transportation base in Shandong Province, and an important container, ore and grain transit base on the south bank of the Bohai Sea. It will exceed 100 million tons in 2020.
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