The Port of Kolkata is located on the left bank of the Ganga Delta (GANGADELTA) Hugli River in the northeast of India. On the north side, it is the largest port in eastern India. It is also known as the "Jute Port" because it mainly exports jute. It is the second largest port in India and one of the economic, transportation and cultural centers of India. It is also the center of the jute industry. The main industries include textiles, steel, machinery, chemistry, papermaking, leather, printing and ceramics. Kolkata is the outlet of the landlocked countries of Nepal, Bhutan and Sikkim. The port is about 22km away from the international airport .
Port of Kolkata or Kolkata Port, officially known as Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust (Formerly Kolkata Port Trust), is the only riverine major port of India, located in the city of Kolkata, West Bengal, around 203 kilometres (126 mi) from the sea.
It has a vast hinterland comprising the entire North East of India including West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Assam, North East Hill States and two landlocked neighbouring countries namely, Nepal and Bhutan.
Address: Watgunj Redlight Area, Watganj, Kolkata, West Bengal 70002
- Port nature: river port, with re-export area and basic port (M).
- Latitude and longitude: 22 degrees 34 minutes N, 088 degrees 20 minutes E.
- Route: Bangladesh, Denmark Maersk Line (MAERSK) have liners directly to Hong Kong.
The port has a tropical monsoon climate with south-southwest winds prevailing. The annual average temperature is 15~30℃, and it will be hit by tropical storms and cyclones from May to September. The annual average rainfall is about 2600mm, and the rainy season is from May to October, and the rainfall accounts for 90% of the annual rainfall. It belongs to a half-day tide port, and the average tide height is 4.9m for high tide and 1.6m for small tide.
Berths: Berths based on tidal conditions. From one berth to another berth in the wharf depends on the condition of the wharf and does not depend on the tide. Ships at the berths along the river bank are required to turn right and anchor so that the starboard side chain can be tied to the buoy. After tying the first rope, anchor and tie two 30 fathoms ropes to the stern and tie them to the buoy. The remaining rope is tied to another buoy. Ships stranded at the wharf by the tide shall comply with the following requirements: Half an hour before the neap tide:
- (A) Put away the gangway.
- (B) Cut off the pipe and put it away.
- (C) Tighten the ropes to ensure that the ship is 6 feet away from the dock, and ensure that the center of gravity is at the moving rope and not at the stern rope.
- (D) Tighten all buoy cables.
- (E) Before the tide comes, the ship's main engine must have a steam device, the winch, and all crew members and officials must be prepared for emergency situations.
Kiddrpore Wharf: There are 12 berths, 2 stationary buoys and 2 dry docks. Dry dock No. 2 was closed in February 2002. Netaji Subhas Wharf: Sluice entrance: 700 feet * 90 feet, 4 general cargo berths, No. 1 berth is equipped with a crane with a lifting capacity of 200 tons. There are 4 container berths, namely berths 4, 5, 7, and 8. There are also 2 emergency berths, berths 2 and 3. Berth 12 is used to unload oil. Berth 6 is also available.
GardenReach Wharf: The 2 coastal berths are only used for loading and unloading cargo across the board.
BudgeBudge: 6 docks can accommodate 625-foot-long ships.
These terminals can now load and unload bulk liquid cargoes, such as edible oil, vegetable oil, and soybean oil.
2 bridges, located in Kiddrpore wharf.
Anchorage: The water depth of the anchorage varies with the river draught forecast, but the average draught is 30 feet.
Navigation: The telegram address of the water diversion station: VWST "Diversion sandheads". Send a radio message 48 hours before arrival, including: (a) estimated time of arrival (b) start and end locations(C) Maximum fresh water draft (d) Total length (e) Deadweight tonnage (f) Whether there are high-frequency telephones on board.
The pilot boat rendezvous with the ship at UpperGasper/Middleton.
To assist navigation, navigation channels on the river are marked with lights and buoys. There is a lighthouse in Sagar, two unmanned light boats in the upper gasperhr and downstream of Gasper, and two unmanned light boats in the middle and eastern channel stations. The navigation channel from the sea to Haldia Pier is 63 nautical miles, and to Kolkata is about 123 nautical miles. There are 15 barriers on different tributaries of the river. Because the barrier is susceptible to fluctuations, the river must be inspected and dredged regularly.
The diversion requires the ship to have a draft of 0.3 meters at the stern so that it can be better operated when passing HooghlyPoint.
The loading and unloading equipment includes various shore cranes, grab cranes, heavy cranes, container cranes, ship loader and tugs, among which the maximum lifting capacity of heavy cranes is 200 tons, the maximum tug power is 1618kW, and the diameter is 150~ 304.8mm oil pipeline. The terminal is the largest reliable ship of 80,000 dwt. There is a railway line that leads directly to the terminal. Loading and unloading efficiency: 1,500 tons of coal per hour, 600 tons of crude oil per hour, and 3,000 tons of ore per hour. The container terminal has a storage area of 16,000 square meters, which can stack 1000 TEU at the same time, and is equipped with high-speed loading and unloading container cranes. In 1992, the container throughput reached 80,000 TEU. In addition to jute, the main export goods include coal, ore, tea, scrap steel, hides, cotton and sugar, etc. The main imported goods include petroleum, salt, flour, cement, steel, grain, rubber, machinery, chemicals, wood and tobacco, etc. .
The Port of Kolkata is located on the left bank of the HUGLI River in the Ganga Delta in the northeastern part of India. It is about 123n mile away from the estuary and on the north side of the Bengal Bay. In the east, the lower reaches of the Hugris River, a tributary on the west side of the Ganges Delta, is divided into the old and new port areas on the left bank of the Hugris River in the southwest of the port city. It is 123 nautical miles from the entrance and exit of the Bay of Bengal and 364 nautical miles to Chittagong to Singapore Port. 1650 nautical miles, 217 nautical miles to Paradip Port, 775 nautical miles to Madras Port, and 1250 nautical miles to Colombo Port. From the south to the north, the port area has: Natal dock-style harbor basin, which is irregular in shape and enters and exits the ship lock. The length and width are 700×90 feet. There are 8 general cargo berths, one petroleum product loading and unloading berth and 6 other berths. Each berth is about 183 meters long and has a water depth of 10.3 meters. Kiddpo dock-style harbor basin, long strip shape, 580×80 feet in and out of the ship lock. There are 19 general cargo berths and 2 coal berths along the harbor basin. The original designed water depth of the harbor basin is 9.4 meters. Riverside wharves, except for the 4 coal berths along the north of the Natal Port Basin, most of them are oil terminals along the river, including various fuel oil and vegetable oil and other edible oils. Among them, the Buji Buji Petroleum Products Wharf in the lower reaches of the Natal Port Area There are 8 with a water depth of 9 meters along the edge.
The new port area is located on the right bank of the lower reaches and the intersection with the Haldia River, called the HALDIA port area. It is 63 nautical miles from the light floats of the inbound and outbound channel in the south and 56 nautical miles from the old port area of Jalghada in the north. Due to the blockage of the Hugris River channel, there are as many as 15 beaches, especially the section above Haldia, and the channel is changeable and navigation is difficult, and the water depth is limited. It is difficult to load and unload 10,000 tons into the old port area by the Shanghai ship. The new port area is Produced in this situation. By the mid-1980s, there was an oil trestle wharf in the new port area on the right bank of the Hugris River, which could dock tankers with a draft of 10.9 meters; on the east side of the dock-style port area, there were 80,000-ton ore berths built in the north and south. One (there is a berth for future expansion in the south), one berth for 60,000-ton coal (there is a reserved berth for coal in the north), and one berth for 50,000-ton fertilizer; the short jetty on the north top of the harbor is salt , Apatite and other bulk terminals. There are two general cargo berths from north to south on the west side of the harbor basin, and one full container berth, which is planned to be completed and used in the 1990s. The front water depth of the built container berth is 13.7 meters, the yard area on the terminal is 24.3 hectares, and it is equipped with a 30-ton container handling bridge. In the west of the harbor basin, there is also a reserved new harbor basin, which will be the key development direction of the Port of Calcutta. The annual loading and unloading capacity of the new port area has reached 7.94 million tons, accounting for 2/3 of the total loading and unloading capacity of 12.12 million tons in the port. There are 4 berths, and a wharf, dry dock and ship repair yard capable of berthing five merchant ships have been built.
As of March 2018, the port is capable of processing annually 650,000 containers, mostly from Nepal, Bhutan, and India's northeastern states.The Kolkata Port Trust (KoPT) manages two separate dock agglomerations, the Kolkata Dock System (KDS) and the Haldia Dock Complex (HDC). the number of vessels handled at Kolkata Port during 2013–2014 was the highest among all Indian Major Ports. KoPT handled 17.1% of the total number of vessels, which worked at Indian Major Ports in 2011–2012; significant improvement over 2011-12 which was 16%. During the fiscal year 2011–2012, 3183 vessels called at KoPT. The average turn around time per vessel was 4.18 days for Kolkata Dock System and 3.37 for Haldia Dock Complex.