The Port of Jeddah is located in the middle of the west coast of Saudi Arabia (full name: THE KINGDOM OF SAUDIARABIA), on the east side of the Red Sea, and is the largest container port in Saudi Arabia.
It is also the sea access gateway to the holy city of Mecca, about 70km apart. As early as the 17th century, it flourished as a collection and distribution port for pilgrims. It is now the nation's financial and commercial center. The main industries include oil refining, automobile assembly, steelmaking, cement, sugar, carpet, pottery and daily necessities. The port is about 35km away from the airport . It is one of the largest international airports in the world. There are regular flights to all parts of the world every day. There are roads leading to the urban area and extending east to important towns such as Mecca, Taif and Riyadh. Outside the port, it is 209 nautical miles from Yanbu Port to the north, 628 nautical miles to Suez Port, and 602 nautical miles to the Mande Strait in the south. There is a large international airport nearby.
Jeddah Port has a tropical desert climate with north-northwest wind prevailing. The annual average temperature is 23~38℃, with the highest being 47℃. The annual average rainfall is about 100mm, and 89% of the annual rainfall is concentrated from November to December. Average tide height: high tide is 0.6m, low tide is 0.4m.
The port of Jeddah Port stretches along the coast in a rectangular shape from north to south. The middle jetty protruding from the east bank confronts the port and the Daoyu breakwater encloses the port into a harbor basin. The middle jetty protruding from the east bank faces the entrance and is divided into north and south. Harbor basin. The top of it is No. 2 berth, which is used for passengers to get on and off. Nangang Basin is the main port area, along with 28 berths with a depth of 11-12 meters. Except for berths 7-9 for grain and berths 18-19 for bulk cement, the others are used for groceries. Berths 31-37 on the west side of the South Jetty, and berths 34-37 are used for container loading and unloading. The water depth is 14 meters along the side and the annual capacity is 1.2 million TEUs. The terminal is equipped with 6 30-40 tons loading and unloading bridges, and the terminal area is 76.8 hectares. There are 14 berths along the north port pond, of which berths 38-48 on the east side have a water depth of 8 meters along the edge and are used for groceries. No. 46-48 are multi-purpose berths, the others are used for ro-ro ships to berth, and the water depth is 14 meters. There are also facilities such as a ship repairing yard, a pontoon plant, and a control tower on the outside of the North Jetty. The South Jetty Guide outside the port has 2 oil terminals and 7 anchorages. There is a reserved area for port development and a military port to the south of the port area. Jeddah Port is a modern port with more than 50 berths. The wharf is equipped with good loading and unloading equipment, including cement silos, granaries and other warehouses, and container yards. In the mid-1980s, 800,000 TEUs were purchased by containers, but they were reduced later. In 1990, there were only 550,000 TEUs, with a cargo capacity of 12.76 million tons, 90% of which were imported materials.
Loading and unloading equipment includes various shore cranes, portable cranes, gantry cranes, container cranes, portal vacuum suction pipes for ship unloading, conveyors, forklifts and roll-on-rolling facilities, among which the maximum lifting capacity of the portable cranes is 40 tons. Loading and unloading efficiency: 6,000 tons of bulk cement per day, 5,000 tons of packaged cement per day, and 200 tons of grain per hour. In 1992, the container throughput reached 847,000 TEU, accounting for about 60% of Saudi Arabia's container throughput. The main export goods are oil, leather and groceries, and the imported goods mainly include cement, food, vehicles and industrial products. The main trading partners are the United States, Japan, Britain, France, Italy, Germany and South Korea.