Guayaquil (ECGYE)

Port Code ECGYE City Guayaquil
Port Name Guayaquil Country/Region Ecuador
Category Port City Route SOUTH AMERICA WEST
Nearby Main Port Inland Transport
Official Website Port Type Main Port

Introduction of Guayaquil (ECGYE)



The Port of Guayaquil (EC) is located at the mouth of the Guayas estuary on the southwest coast of Ecuador, on the northwest bank of the Gulf of Guayaquil, on the verge of The southeast side of the Pacific Ocean. About 160km north of Manta Port, it is the largest port in Ecuador and one of the main ports on the Pacific coast of South America. Founded in 1535, the industry is developed and more than half of the industrial and mining enterprises in the country are concentrated. The main industries are grain, cement, petroleum refining, metallurgy, plastics, rubber, sawn wood and shipbuilding. It is also a national transportation hub, with railways and international airports connecting with various places. The port is about 12km away from the airport.

The port of Guayaquil (Spanish: Puerto de Guayaquil) has a tropical rain forest climate. The annual average temperature is between 23 and 25 degrees Celsius. The annual average rainfall is about 2000mm, and the rainy season is from December to June of the following year. The average tidal range is 2.4m.

There are 9 main berths in the port area of ​​Guayaquil Port, with a coastline of 1666m and a maximum water depth of 10m. The terminal has all kinds of modern equipment. Ships with a maximum length of 198m entering the port. Vessels with deep draft must wait for the high tide to advance to the port. The annual cargo throughput is about 3 million tons. The main export goods are bananas, coffee, cocoa, sugar, rice and fishery products, and the main imported goods are metal mines, wheat, machinery, steel and vehicles. The main trading partners are the United States (about 40%), Western Europe, Japan and other Latin American countries. During holidays, only New Year's Day and Christmas Day do not work.

The Guayaquil Port Authority (Autoridad Portuaria de Guayaquil: APG) was established in 1958 as an independent organization that plans, finances, operates and maintains the Guayaquil port and seaport. In 1995, the State Council passed the "owner port" model, authorizing private agencies to station port services. Since 1999, APG has granted its private operators operating concessions for its bulk cargo, container and multi-function terminals.

The port of Guayaquil handles 93% of the country's container traffic (accounting for 453,000 TEUs), of which 62% of the total freight volume reaches 5.6 million tons, making it the 13th busiest port in the Caribbean and Latin America. The Port of Guayaquil operates 24 hours a year, 365 days a year.

Among them, the Guayaquil Port Container Terminal has three berths, with a length of 185 meters and a paved area of ​​more than 290,000 square meters. The multi-functional terminal has five 185-meter piers with a warehouse area of ​​85,000 square meters, including 54,000 square meters of dangerous goods and 41,000 square meters of refrigerated goods.

The bulk cargo terminal has a 155-meter wharf, three warehouses of 8.9 cubic meters, two warehouses with a capacity of 900 metric tons, a granary with a capacity of 30,000 metric tons and a tank for liquid cargo (a vegetable oil tank of 240 cubic meters) Meters, three tanks of heavy liquid, with a capacity of 980,000 cubic meters).

Port information

The Port of Guayaquil is the largest seaport in Ecuador. It faces the Pacific Ocean and is backed by Mount Santa Ana. There is Puna Island as a natural barrier nearby, which can make the harbour less vulnerable to storms. There is a pier to the south, which is more than 900 meters long. Ships from different parts of the world with flags of various colors are anchored in the port. The port railway leads to the capital Quito, and a highway connects Quito with other domestic cities. Bananas, cocoa, coffee, cotton and other products from all over the country are collected and distributed here.

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Summary of ECGYE

Guayaquil port (port code: ECGYE) is the main port of Ecuador. It is situated on Rio Guayas to the north of the Gulf of Guayaquil. The main part of the port, Puerto Nuevo, is located in the saltwater estuary of the Gulf of Guayaquil, about 44 nautical miles from the sea. The Canal del Morro links the estuary with the port area.
The port has an excellent rail link with the capital of Ecuador, Quito, via Riobamba and Latacunga. Cargoes are handled at river anchorage from lighters, in the Old Port and private wharves, the new Port, 5 nautical miles southwest of city and various oil terminals. Several new terminals for bulk, bananas and fertiliser have recently opened. There is an offshore LPG storage vessel for STS transfer of LPG via small shuttle tankers ashore. A natural channel was dredged to permit access to large ships visiting the harbour. This channel is liable to heavy silting.
The port handles about 7,145,300t of cargo and 884,100TEU annually. The principal import cargoes are wheat, corn, soybean, paddy rice and fertilisers; and the main exports include bananas, coffee, cocoa and exotic fruits.
Approximately 1,350 vessels visit this port each year. The types of vessels regularly calling at this port are cargo vessels, accounting for about 65%, and fishing vessels, taking up around 10%. The maximum length of the vessels recorded to having entered this port is 369 meters. The maximum draught is 12.3 meters. The maximum deadweight is 150,166t.