Guatemala City (Ciudad de Guatemala), the capital of Guatemala, is the national economic and cultural center. On the plateau in the southern volcanic area, 1,1602 meters above sea level. With a population of 942,348 (2010), it is the largest city in Central America. It was built in 1524. Due to multiple damages by earthquakes, it moved to its current location in 1776. There are many low buildings in the city. It has been the capital since 1779. It was the capital of the Central American Federation from 1823-1838. A distribution center for coffee, corn, wheat and other agricultural products. Owns more than half of the country's industries, mainly cement, wood processing, textiles, tobacco, and food processing. As a transportation hub, the railway runs northeast and southwest to Puerto Barrios and San Jose, respectively. There are universities (founded in 1676), academies of sciences, museums, etc. The Central American Common Market is headquartered here. There are historical sites of Mayan culture in the outskirts of the city. On July 28, 1524, Guatemala City was built by Spanish colonists. It was named "Santiago" at the time and later changed to Guatemala City.
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Guatemala Port (port code: GTGUA), locally also known as Guate Port, is Guatemala’s largest Pacific port. It is situated in a mountain valley in the south-central part of the country.
As an international container shipping port, the port is able to accept both imports and exports through multiple terminals, with both roll-on/roll-off (RoRo) and container services. It accepts approximately 358,000 containers of various size every year.
The port is thriving and is responsible for a wide majority of the country’s maritime traffic beginning during the 20th century. Because of the country’s emerging manufacturing economy, significant imports into Guatemala through the port include construction equipment and gin machinery. The port’s efficiency and size are able to handle many tons of equipment and allows the economy of Guatemala to flourish with the increase of manufacturing and construction equipment coming into the country through RoRo and container shipping.
The port can accept all types of construction equipment, such as cranes, bulldozers, and dump trucks, as well as manufacturing equipment, like gin machinery. With new terminals being added to this port, the port will be able to accept about 340,000 more containers annually when the facility becomes operational.
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