Durban (ZADUR)

Port Code ZADUR City Durban
Port Name Durban Country/Region South Africa
Category Port City Route SOUTH AFRICA
Nearby Main Port Inland Transport
Official Website Port Type Main Port

Introduction of Durban (ZADUR)



Port of Durban located on the east coast of South Africa, on the southwest side of the Indian Ocean, is the largest container port in South Africa. Founded in 1824, it was originally named Port Natal, and was renamed in 1835. Durban is the third largest city in South Africa.

The Port of Durban is the largest and busiest water terminal in sub-Saharan Africa.It can handle up to 31.4 million tons of cargo per year.

In 2012, the Port of Durban in South Africa Durban is the fourth largest container terminal in the southern hemisphere, handling 2,568,124 TEU standard containers.

Durban Port, South Africa's largest commercial port. Located on the Indian Ocean coast in the east of the country, it is 271 nautical miles from Maputo Port in the north, 256 nautical miles from East London Port in the south, and 155 nautical miles from Port Louis in the east. The port is located in a natural harbor in the southwest of the city. The mouth of the bay is only more than 300 meters, the water depth is 12.8 meters, and the length and width of the bay are 4×5 kilometers, which resembles a gourd. There are two jetties facing each other from north to south in the bay, which divides the harbor into the inner harbor and the outer harbor. The bay inner port area can be divided into three parts: the northeast part of the bay, including the south-extending jetty and its interior and exterior, has 17 berths with a depth of 6.0-12.14 meters, 14 of which are deep-water moorings; the south port area includes jetties extending north and east There are 3 berths and 30 berths along the coast in the southeast, with a depth of 9.04-12.74 meters. The West Port area is deep in the bay with 15 berths with a depth of 9.84-10.64 meters. There is also a shipyard wharf in the southwest of the inner harbor. There are 60 berths in the port, most of which are deep-water berths, and there are 7 container berths, making it one of the most modern deep-water ports in Africa. Mainly export coal, manganese, chromium and grains.

Natural resources

The two provinces of ORANGE FREE STATE and TRANSVAAL in the northwest of the port are a 408km arcuate zone which is the main gold producing area. The gold reserves are about 20,000 tons. First in the world, its annual output value accounts for more than 50% of the total value of South Africa’s mineral output. The gold content of gold is low, the working conditions are difficult, and the cost is high. South Africa's platinum reserves are about 27,000 tons, accounting for 75% of the world's total reserves, ranking first in the world, followed by Canada and the former Soviet Union. The main producing area is in the POTGIETERSRUS area in the central part of Transvaal Province. Its output accounts for 91% of the capitalist world. Generally, each ton of ore contains only 4 to 15 grams of platinum. Platinum metal is an indispensable catalyst for the contact of electronic equipment and petrochemical industry, and the demand is increasing. The main industries of Durban Port include chemicals, textiles, oil refining, ship repair and building, rubber, sugar food and automobile assembly, etc. It also has large oil refineries, sugar factories and automobile repair plants. The port is about 27km away from Bota Airport . There are regular flights to Johannesburg every day, connecting with domestic and foreign flights.

Climatic conditions

The port of Durban has a savannah climate with prevailing southwest and northeast winds. The annual average temperature is about 20°C. The annual average rainfall is about 1000mm. Average tide height: high tide is about 1.8m, low tide is about 0.7m.

Port characteristics

The Port of Durban is surrounded by breakwaters, with a water area of ​​160,000 square meters. There are 43 main berths in the port area, with a coastline of 9230m and a maximum water depth of 12.8m. The loading and unloading equipment includes various shore cranes, portable cranes, container cranes, floating cranes, truck cranes, belt conveyors and ro-ro facilities, among which the maximum lifting capacity of the shore crane is 80 tons, the floating crane is 200 tons, and Oil pipelines with a diameter of 203.2~254mm are used for loading and unloading. Loading and unloading efficiency: 1,290 tons of grain per hour, 1,250 tons per hour, 400 tons per hour of manganese ore, 1,100 tons per hour of coal, and 700 tons per hour of sugar. The port's oil tanker is a single point mooring super oil tanker with a maximum berth of 300,000 dwt. The port area has an open storage yard that can store 200,000 tons of goods, a sugar storage capacity of 520,000 tons, and a container yard area of ​​1.02 million square meters. The water depth of the large ship anchorage is 18m. In 1994, the container throughput reached 724,000 TEU, an increase of 14% over 1993. The main export goods are manganese ore, steel, gold, coal, iron ore, sugar, peanuts, corn, wool, hides, oranges and pig iron. Imported goods mainly include wheat, machinery, fertilizers, crude oil, transportation equipment, textiles, wood, etc. Paper, tea and chemical products, etc. During holidays, New Year's Day and Christmas are not working.

Port data

Basic Information

Port Chinese name: Durban Port English name: DURBAN PORT Country: SOUTH AFRICA Latitude and Longitude: 29 ° 43'0"S, 31 ° 2'0"E Time difference: -2:00 Anchorage: Outer anchorage berth draft: 12.8 Chart No.: 643 Port type: Seaport Port size: Large

Port statistics

  • The Port of Durban is the busiest port in South Africa and generates more than 60% of revenue.
  • The Port of Durban is the second largest container port in Africa (ranked behind Port Said in Egypt).
  • The Port of Durban is the fourth largest container port in the Southern Hemisphere. (First is Jakarta Indonesia, second is Indonesia in Surabaya, and third is Santos in Brazil).
  • The distance around the port is less than 21 kilometers (13 miles).
  • The total track is 302 kilometers (189 miles).
  • The port has 58 berths operated by more than 20 terminal operators.
  • Every year, global shipping companies have 4,500 merchant ships calling at Durban Port.

Port entrance depth

The Durban Port entrance channel has a depth of 12.8 meters (42 feet) from the base of the chart, and a caisson with a width of 122 meters (400 feet) in between. The port has recently expanded. The current channel depth at the entrance of the harbour drops to 16 meters and 19 meters in the harbour. The new navigation width is 220 meters.

Port facilities


The maximum allowable draught listed in the berths of Durban Port serves as a planning guide for ships. The following is the draft update on June 7, 2000. The captain of the port should arrange a new detection table on timeously suggestion. If the ship is loaded to the maximum, the captain of the port should consult for safety.

  • Pier No. 1 Berth
  • Pier No. 2 Berth
  • Point and T-pier berth
  • Cross berth
  • Island view
  • Cliff berth
  • Bayhead Berth
  • Maydon Pier Berth

Port operations

Durban Port Car Terminal is a modern, world-class facility. It opened in 1998, with a capacity of 60,000 vehicles last year. In 2004, the number of bays brought by the 100 million-Rand expansion reached 6,500. This includes 380-meter bridges and connecting docks to docks, improving vessel turnaround time and improving safety.

Berth length and draft

Wharf equipment, including a wharf with a depth of 10.9 meters (36 feet) and a 366 meter (1,201 feet) next to it. This dedicated berth (Q/R) can accommodate the largest deep-sea vehicle transportation.

Storage and stacking

Durban Port Terminal is a block of 8.5 hectares (21 acres) of surface storage for logistics roads and railroads, vehicle inspection facilities and administrative support, with advanced cargo tracking systems, closed-circuit television surveillance, and security fences all illuminated by floodlights Surrounded state. The new three-story parking lot provides bridges and links the dock to the dock, increasing the capacity to 6,631 bays, from 60,000 to 120,000 vehicles last year.

Terminal working hours

Durban Port's normal working hours: Monday to Friday 06:00 to 14:00, 14:00 to 22:00. Relying on the urgent need for work and services on board, the port can operate 24 hours and on weekends. The terminal is closed on January 1, May 1 and December 25.

Naval facility

The Naval Base Class, located on Salisbury Island, is part of the Port of Durban. Established during the Second World War, it was downgraded to 2002 at the naval station in 2012. A decision was made to rebuild and expand the facility and restore it to a complete naval base to accommodate the South African Navy’s maritime patrol fleet.  In December 2015 it was renamed a naval base. These are three homeport Warrior-class temporary offshore patrol ships (formerly known as missile-armed fast attack boats) that will be replaced by a new patrol fleet within four to five years.

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Summary of ZADUR

Durban port (port code: ZADUR) is the main port of South Africa, also serving inland countries such as Zimbabwe, Zambia, Botswana, Malawi and Swaziland. It is located on the southeast coast of South Africa.
The port has a large modern harbour protected by north and south breakwaters. There are 59 commercial berths and an SBM, offshore near the airport, for very large crude carriers (VLCC's). Facilities exist for handling most types of cargo.
The port handles approximately 74.7 million tons of cargo and 2.56 million TEUs annually. The main imports include containerised cargo, galvanised coils, bulk-wheat, soda-ash, bulk petcoke, paper, steel, project equipment fertiliser, steel tubes, steel plates, bulk potash magnesite, IMO chemicals, wax, drums of lub oil. The principal exports are granite, containerised cargo, coal, maize manganese, ferro chrome, galvanised wire, timber, bright bars, steel sections, plywood, mill rolls, stainless steel sheets.
Each year about 4,550 vessels visit this port, among which around 60% are cargo vessels, 14.5% are tankers, and 8.5% are sailing vessels. The maximum length of the vessels recorded to having entered this port is 366 meters. The maximum draught is 16.2 meters. The maximum deadweight is 317,052t.