Duisburg-Ruhrorter Hafen is the largest inland river port in the Federal Republic of Germany and the largest inland river port in the world. It is located at 51°25' north latitude and 6°46' east longitude. The Port of Duisburg is located in the Ruhr area, an important industrial center in Europe, at the confluence of the Ruhr and Rhine rivers. The port area is about 25 kilometers long from north to south and 14 kilometers wide from east to west. The total area is about 233 square kilometers, and the water area accounts for 10%. The shoreline of the Rhine River through the port area is 40 kilometers long. The average annual cargo throughput of Hong Kong is about 60 million tons, and in 1974 it set a record of 63.6 million tons.
Location and function
21 The public dock has a water area of more than 180 hectares. The length of the bank is 40 kilometers, of which 15 kilometers are the outer siding. There are approximately 1.5 million square meters of covered storage space. The total turnover in 2009 was 44.4 million metric tons, of which 12.1 million tons were handled by ships and 10.7 million tons were handled by railways. Together with railway-and truck cargo volume, and including private commercial ports in the north and south of the city, a total throughput of 818,000 tons in 2009 was recorded.The Port of Duisburg is a hub port in the hinterland of the pan-European waterway network: Amsterdam, Emden, Rotterdam, Antwerp and Hamburg. In this North Sea port, cargo is also transferred on inland ships, and is mainly transported to the hinterland of Europe through the Port of Duisburg. On the contrary, there are also direct ferries from the port of Duisburg on the Rhine and Maas overseas. Therefore, the Port of Duisburg is also the westernmost port in Germany. Many shipping companies accept Haijiang connections at the port totaling approximately one hundred European ports. Every year, about 2 million tons of cargo are transferred to about 2,000 conventional ships on the river.
It is home to 250 companies around the port of Duisburg. There were about 36,000 jobs that year, and 11% of all Duisburg jobs depended on this port. All ports are associated with a value of 22 billion euros. Duisport Port Group and other subsidiaries, founded in Duisburg in 2000, have approximately 600 employees. The company is already part of Duisburg, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The federal government announced in August 2011 that it intends to sell its shares.Approximately 500 million euros will be invested each year.
The Port of Duisburg first appeared in the 12th century when it was a prosperous cargo distribution center. Decline in the 13th century due to the diversion of the Rhine. Since the 17th century, due to the rise of coal mining, coal transportation using the Ruhr and Rhine Rivers has become increasingly active, and the port has been continuously expanded. By 1908, the port area had begun to take its current scale.
The Duisburg port area has the Rhine-Herne Canal in the north and the Ruhr River in the south. Both communicate with the Rhine River, connecting the Ruhrout port area with the eastern hinterland. The canal can navigate ships with a length of 85 meters, a width of 12 meters and a draft of 2.5 meters; the Ruhr River can navigate ships with a length of 100 meters, a width of 12 meters and a draft of 2.6 meters. The Duisburg to Rotterdam section of the Rhine River has about 35 days a year for ships with a water depth of less than 2.5 meters. At other times, ships with a navigable draft of 2.5 meters will be navigable for about 165 days throughout the year. There are 4 European Type IIa barges (full load The draft is 3.8 meters).
The shoreline of the Duisburg port area is 43 kilometers long, and more than 50% are the quaywalls of sheet pile walls, and the rest are slope quaywalls. The whole port is actually a port group consisting of the three public port areas of Duisburg, Ruhråt and Hochfeld and 14 cargo terminals along the Rhine, so it is also called Duisburg-Ruhrå Special port (Duisburg-Ruhrorter H?fen).
The cargo owner's wharf in the Port of Duisburg is owned by some large metallurgical and chemical companies in the Federal Republic of Germany, such as Mannesmann Steel, Thyssen Steel, and Duchtleben Chemical Company. The land area and cargo throughput of the cargo owner's wharf account for about 60% of the port. The three major public port areas also serve several large metallurgical and chemical companies. The cargoes loaded and unloaded mainly include ore, coal, petroleum products, steel, non-ferrous metals, building materials, salt, food and feed, etc. In 1975, the South Port of Hochfeld opened a container terminal .
The total length of the railway line in the port area of Duisburg is 146.7 kilometers, and the total length of the road line is 26 kilometers, equipped with modern signal equipment and television monitoring system. Due to its position as a hub of international railways and inter-regional expressways, the collection and distribution of goods is extremely convenient. The Port of Duisburg conducts direct river-to-sea transportation through the Rhine, and mainly directly contacts ports in countries such as Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, the United Kingdom, Ireland, France, Spain, and Portugal.