The Port of Busan (also known as Pusan) was opened in 1876. It is located on the southeast coast of South Korea, borders the KOREA Strait in the southeast, and the Naktong River to the west. (TSUSHIMA) Daoxiangchi is the largest port in South Korea and the fifth largest container port in the world. It was built in 1876 and developed rapidly due to the opening of the Gyeongbu Railway in the early 20th century. It is the hub of South Korea's land, sea and air transportation, as well as the financial and commercial center, and plays an important role in South Korea's foreign trade. The industry is second only to Seoul, including textiles, automobile tires, petroleum processing, machinery, chemicals, food, wood processing, aquatic product processing, shipbuilding, and automobiles. Among them, the machinery industry is particularly developed, while shipbuilding and tire production rank first in South Korea. The export occupies an important position in the export trade. The port is about 28km from the airport .
Busan Port has a temperate monsoon climate. The annual average temperature is 29~31℃ in summer and 7~9℃ in winter. The annual average rainfall is about 1500mm. It is a regular semi-diurnal tidal port, with little tidal range and no more than 1.2m during heavy floods. Only 0.3m during the small flood season. Loading and unloading equipment includes various shore cranes, gantry cranes, portable cranes, container cranes, floating cranes, belt conveyors, ship loader and ro-ro facilities, among which the floating cranes have a maximum lifting capacity of 100 tons. The maximum power of the tug is 2354kW. Loading and unloading efficiency: 600 tons of coal is loaded per hour, and 1,000 tons of groceries are loaded and unloaded per day. The annual growth rate of Korean imports and exports by sea is about 20%, and almost all of them are imported and exported from Busan Port. The container terminal of the port plays a backbone role. It has a large gantry container loading and unloading bridge with a terminal area of 630,000 square meters. The container yard covers an area of 380,000 square meters. Approximately 2,000 container ships dock here every year, including those ranging from 700 to 800 TEU to as large as 3,000 TEU. The terminal can simultaneously carry out loading and unloading operations for 4 large container ships of 50,000 dwt.
Busan Port is 40 nautical miles north of Ulsan, 60 nautical miles of Puxiang, 120 nautical miles of Kitakyushu in the southeast, 100 nautical miles of Yeosu Port in the southwest, 170 nautical miles of Jeju, and 500 nautical miles of Shanghai. The port area is located on the northwest coast of Busan Bay. There are 10 piers along the coast from the southwest to the northeast. The pier line is 8,681 meters long and has more than 60 berths. The first jetty wharf line has a total length of 475 meters and a water depth of 8-9 meters, which can berth 3 8000-ton ships for general cargo, containers and steel; the second jetty has a total length of 925 meters and a water depth of 9-11 meters along the side. It can berth 6 20,000-ton ships for general cargo, containers, steel, and raw sugar; the central wharf is located along the bank between the second and third jetties, with a total length of 645 meters and a water depth of 9 meters. It can berth 8,000-ton ships4 Ships, used for general cargo containers; the third jetty is 1145 meters long along the side, and the water depth is 9-10 meters, and there are 7 reliable 30-10,000 ton-class ships, used for containers, groceries, steel and wood; the fourth jetty is 1308 meters long along the side, The water depth is 9-10 meters, and 9 10,000-ton-class ships can be reliably berthed for containers, general cargo, bulk cement and steel; the fifth and sixth jetties are connected, extending from the northeast to the southwest. There are 4 special container berths on the southeast side, along the edge The length is 1262 meters, the water depth is 12.5 meters, the wharf area is 63 hectares, the warehouse yard is 38 hectares, and the wharf is equipped with 8 30-40 tons loading and unloading bridges, with an annual loading and unloading capacity of 900,000 TEUs; there is another 371 meters in the southwest end of the fifth jetty. Grain berths and 80,000 tons of grain storage, the above five berths can reliably berth 50,000-ton ships; the seventh pier is on the northeast bank of the harbor, extending to the southwest, northwest and southwest, with a total length of 656 meters and a water depth of 7.5-10.5 meters , Reliable berth of 4 5000-15000-ton bulk carriers, used for coal, scrap steel and ore; the 8th jetty is in the southeast of the 7th jetty, in an "L" shape, the northwest side of the long wall is 535 meters, the water depth is 10 meters, and the reliability is 1.5 10,000 tons, with 3 berths at the southwest and near shore, with a length of 465 meters and a water depth of 5.0-9. 0 meters; domestic and international passenger terminals are located in the south of the first jetty in the southwest of the port area. The two small jetty terminals have a total length of 320 meters and are reliable for passenger ships of 30 to 10,000 tons. There are also 575 meters of coastal terminal lines in the port and 7 outside the port. Oil berth. In addition, the third container terminal is 900 meters long on the right side of the outer port’s approach channel, and has a water depth of 14 meters. It has 3 50,000-ton berths with an annual processing capacity of up to 968 TEUs. The fourth container terminal has 4 berths and a terminal line of 1,400. Meters and a water depth of 14 meters, the port’s container handling capacity has increased from the current 1.86 million TEUs to 3.06 million TEUs, and there are two general-purpose berths. The port has a cargo throughput of 63.38 million tons, a container handling capacity of 2.5 million TEUs, ranking sixth in the world, and both cargo throughput and containers ranking first in South Korea. Nearby is South Korea’s most developed industrial zone. The import of raw materials and the export of industrial products have rapidly increased the port throughput, especially container handling. In the 1990s, there was even greater development, which attracted the attention of the world.
According to the Korea Shipowners Association, the container throughput of Busan Port in South Korea in 2005 was 11,840,445 TEU (20-foot standard unit), which was an increase of 3% compared with the 1,149,1968 TEU in 2004. In the ranking of container throughput, Busan Port ranks fifth after Singapore Port (23.19 million TEU), China Hong Kong Port (22602000TEU), China Shanghai Port (18084000TEU) and China Shenzhen Port (16197000TEU). Among them, the container throughput of Shanghai Port and Shenzhen Port in 2005 increased by 24.3% and 18.9% respectively over the previous year. Among other ports in South Korea, Gwangyang Port has 1439,000 TEU, up from 65 in 2004 to 62. The Port of Incheon is 1149000 TEU, from the previous 80 to 74, and the ranking has increased. Among them, the relevant person in charge of the association said that the container throughput of major seaports in developed countries is now in a decline and stagnant stage. In contrast, China's container throughput rankings are being updated and changed every year. We must redouble our efforts to use different preferential policies to attract more cargo ships to Busan Port for trade, so as to speed up economic development.
The Port of Busan stopped providing third-party logistics companies (3PL) preferential treatment, including low rents and tax concessions. Even so, it still cannot compete with ports in North China and Northeast China. The reason is that the port’s recent sharp drop in transit containers. Facing the low labor costs and terminal handling fees of China's Dalian and Tianjin ports , the transshipment volume of Busan Port in South Korea has been significantly reduced. In July 2008, the single-month transit container dropped by 11.5%, and only 489,819 containers were recorded. The container volume of the whole port recorded 3.4 million boxes, a net drop of 591 million boxes over the same period last year, or 12%. The volume of Busan Port in July 2008 only increased slightly by 0.8%. Exported boxes recorded 357,664 boxes, a year-on-year increase of 13.4%. Imported boxes increased by 10.1%, and 328,818 boxes were recorded. Busan Port Authority invested $ 109 million in the Russian Far East port of Nakhodka, Russian Far East for the purpose of transit cargo in the port of Pusan, the first phase of the container terminal by the BPA, Daewoo Logistics, GLovis company and Sunugeya shipping business cooperation, has 150,000 boxes are produced. The global economic downturn has contributed to a slowdown in the growth of Busan Port's cargo throughput. Under this circumstance, the Busan Port Corporation (BPA) will carry out port marketing for the largest trading port of Busan Port-Tianjin Port and shipping companies and logistics companies in Qingdao.