Terms & Glossaries of Shipping and Trading

All Risk

"All Risk" insurance is a type of property insurance policy that provides broad coverage for a diverse range of perils and hazards, except for those specifically excluded in the policy documentation. Unlike named peril policies, which only cover risks explicitly listed in the policy, All Risk coverage offers protection against all unforeseen and accidental losses, unless expressly excluded.

All Risk Insurance: A Comprehensive Safeguard in Transportation and Logistics

The transportation of goods across various geographies involves not just the movement of commodities, but also an inherent exposure to risk. Goods in transit can be susceptible to an array of potential hazards, from damage during handling to loss due to theft or natural disasters. This is where "All Risk" insurance becomes pivotal, offering an extensive form of protection for shippers and consignees. This article aims to elucidate the term "All Risk," discussing its coverage, benefits, and vital role in the freight industry.

Understanding All Risk Insurance

"All Risk" insurance, in the simplest terms, is a type of marine insurance policy that covers a wide range of perils, barring only the exclusions specifically listed in the policy. The term "All Risk" might imply that every conceivable danger is covered, but in practice, it signifies that most common risks associated with transporting goods are included.

The Scope of All Risk Coverage

The coverage provided by an "All Risk" insurance policy is the broadest in terms of the protections offered. It typically includes:

Damage Incurred During Transit: From the loading phase to the unloading point, any damage caused to goods is generally covered.

Theft and Pilferage: Losses incurred due to criminal activities like theft are included.

Non-Delivery: If the goods are not delivered due to various reasons, such as the sinking of a ship, the policyholder is protected.

Natural Disasters: Events like earthquakes, floods, and hurricanes that can cause loss or damage to cargo are usually covered.

External Disasters: Fire, explosion, and other such calamities falling outside the control of the shipper or carrier are also included.

Exceptions and Exclusions

While "All Risk" insurance provides expansive coverage, certain exceptions apply, and these are clearly spelled out in the policy. Common exclusions can include:

Inherent Vice: A loss that arises directly from the nature of the goods themselves, such as spoilage or decay, is not covered.

Wilful Misconduct: Damages occurring due to the deliberate actions of the insured party cannot be claimed.

Improper Packing: If it's determined that the damage was due to inadequate packaging, this may void the coverage.

War and Strikes: Losses due to warlike activities, strikes, and riots are often excluded unless specifically added to the policy.

Why Opt for All Risk Insurance?

Peace of Mind: It provides comprehensive coverage, ensuring a high level of peace of mind for the shipper and receiver.

Affordability: Compared to the potential loss, the cost of "All Risk" insurance is often reasonable, making it a cost-effective form of protection.

Flexibility: These policies can be tailored to suit the specific needs of the consignment, offering flexibility.

Recovery of Losses: In the event of a mishap, the assured can be compensated for their financial losses, safeguarding the financial integrity of businesses.

All Risk in Shipping Contracts

In shipping contracts, the inclusion of "All Risk" insurance is a critical decision. While it places an additional premium cost on the shipment, the extent of coverage it provides forms a strong argument in its favor. Logistics managers and shippers must judiciously weigh the nature of the goods, the route, and the risks involved to determine if "All Risk" insurance is the optimal choice for their needs.


In essence, "All Risk" insurance is equivalent to a comprehensive assurance plan for your goods in transit. In the unpredictable world of freight and shipping, where numerous variables can disrupt the smooth flow of operations, "All Risk" insurance stands as a bulwark against a spectrum of risks. For businesses that aim to mitigate the adverse effects of transport-related uncertainties, investing in an "All Risk" policy is a prudent and strategic approach to risk management, laying a firm foundation for enterprise resilience and continuity.