Introduction of King Abdulaziz International Airport
King Abdulaziz International Airport (IATA code: JED, ICAO code: OEJN), abbreviated as KAIA, is the third largest and the busiest airport of Saudi Arabia. Located in Jeddah, the airport is inaugurated in 1981.
The airport serves most international travel and is the largest hub for Saudi Arabia's flag carrier Saudia. It provides facilities required for the service of pilgrims and those who visit the country to perform Umrah. It has four operational passenger terminals: the North Terminal, the South Terminal, the Hajj Terminal, and the new Terminal 1. The Hajj Terminal was specially built for Muslim pilgrims going to Mecca annually on the Hajj.
The new King Abdulaziz International Airport three-stage development started in 2006, and is currently scheduled for an official opening in mid 2019. However, as of 2018 local flights have been landing at the airport; therefore the project is designed to increase the airport's yearly capacity from 13 million to 80 million passengers.
The expansion includes a brand-new passenger terminal building, a 136-meter tall air traffic control (ATC) tower (the largest in the world), airfield hard-standing and paved areas, lighting, fuel network systems, electronic passenger guidance system and a new storm water drainage network. There will also be a newly constructed support services building and upgrades to the existing runway and airfield systems. The three stages, according to GACA—the General Authority of Civil Aviation of Saudi Arabia, will be marked by staged capacity increase to 30 million, 60 million and 80 million passengers per year.
The new airport will be accessed by the Haramain high-speed rail project network. Prince Majed Street will connect to the Al-Laith Highway, forming a fast north–south transit route.