The Port of Vigo (Port of Vigo, port code: ESVGO) is located in Vigo, Pontevedra, Galicia. It is the largest fishing port in Spain and one of the busiest in the world. It is also the world's largest fishing company, Pescanova. In 2008, the unloading of fish reached 751971 tons.
Vigo is the base of major fishing companies in various countries, especially: Namibia, South Africa, Mozambique, Australia, the Falkland Islands in Argentina, Chile and Peru. Fish is sent all over Spain and abroad to more distant markets like Portugal, Italy, France, etc., including Asian countries.
In Vigo, important international trade fairs are held, like Conxemar, an annual event dedicated to frozen fish products. It happens periodically at the World Fisheries Show.
Located on the Spanish Peninsula, with the Chess Islands as a barrier at the mouth of the bay, the port is well protected and sheltered from wind. It is a natural harbour. It is the main port in the west of Galician, Spain, and one of the important commercial centers. The main industries are fish processing. The port is about 8km away from the airport , and there are regular flights to Madrid and other places every day. And there is a direct highway to the port of A Coruña.
The port has a temperate maritime climate, with north and southwest winds prevailing. The highest annual average temperature is 36 degrees Celsius and the lowest is minus 2 degrees Celsius. The annual average rainfall is about 800mm. The average tidal range is about 3.5m.
Type of terminal Berth (units) Shoreline length (m) Maximum water depth (m)
BULK CARGO (bulk cargo) 2 3 90 14.5
GENERAL CARGO (grocery) 4 720 11
RO/RO (roll-on-roll) 4 700 10
CONTAINER (container) 4 840 12
OIL QUAY (oil terminal) 3 820 16
The loading and unloading equipment includes various shore cranes, container cranes, and floating cranes, among which the maximum lifting capacity of the floating crane is 150 tons, and the oil pipeline with a diameter of 203.2-304.8mm is used for loading and unloading oil. Loading and unloading rate: The loading rate of ore reaches 2000 tons per hour. The terminal is the largest reliable ship of 50,000 dwt. The warehouse area is about 220,000 square meters, the warehouse area is 30,000 square meters, and the granary capacity is about 19,000 tons. Large ship anchorage: the water depth of the waiting anchorage is 25m, the water depth of the loading and unloading anchorage is 19m, and the water depth of the sheltered anchorage is 35m.
Vigo has a shipbuilding tradition, beginning to the beginning of the twentieth century, with the appearance of the first small steam fishing boats. One of the early models, called the "Vigo type steamer" was very common throughout the coasts of Spain and North Africa. Hundreds of this type were built.
Another decisive moment of development was in the 1960s, when a new frozen trawler, which completely changed the fishing industry, was built for the first time. Vigo Shipyard has been a leader in the field of fishing boats and a constant point of authority.
From south to north:
- Bouzas : Repair of pipelines divided between ro-ro transportation and shipyard.
- Beira Mar and ? Berbés : fishing.
- Atlantic pier.
- Marina Marina Yachts (the last three are the city center).
- ?Region : General commercial and fluid goods are shipped, 1500 meters long and connected to the railway.
- Guixar : Used to handle the 769-meter-long railway connection for containers.
In addition to this, shipyards and fishing boat docks can be found (Pescanova among the bases).
The Port of Vigo participated in the construction of the logistics platform (PLISAN), which is supposed to meet a multifunctional complex spread on 419 hectares, which is located 35 kilometers away from Vigo.