The Port of Tanjung Pelepas (abbreviation: PTP, UN/LOCODE port code: MYTPP) is located at the east exit of the Pulai River in the southwestern part of Johor, Malaysia. It is a container port in Johor Bahru, Malaysia. Part of the global terminal network company APM Terminals, which holds a minority stake in the joint venture. It started its maiden voyage during a three-month trial operation on October 10, 1999. It set a new world record for the fastest growing port: After the voyage, the number of containers handled in 571 was 1 million twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU). ). Good performance determines the fate of the port. On March 13, 2000, the port was officially opened by the Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad.
Located at the southern tip of Peninsular Malaysia, just off Singapore, it is the throat of world shipping. Tanjung Palapas Port (PTP) impresses shipping the most. It is now the base of Maersk’s container transportation and transshipment business in Southeast Asia, which is the westbound route of Maersk Line to Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. The past of Tanjong Palapas port shows the importance of this port. In addition to Maersk, CMA CGM (CMA) in France and my country Shipping Line (CSCL) in China, etc., also use the container transshipment service at the port of Tanjong Palapas.
The port of Tanjung Palapas continues to maintain an amazing growth. As of the end of 1999, the terminal handled 20,696 Twenty Foot Equivalent Units (TEU). In 2000, it rose to 423,710 TEUs. In 2001, it operated 2.05 million TEUs, in 2002, 2.67 million TEUs, and in 2003 Operating 3.48 million TEUs, surpassing Port Klang, thus establishing itself as the largest port in Malaysia. In 2004, it maintained a growth of 15.3% in operations reaching 4,020,421 TEU, becoming the 16th largest container port in the world. In 2005, PTP handled 4.2 million TEUs, and by 2006 it was estimated to be 4.6 million TEUs. In 2007, PTP processed a further 5.5 million TEU, an increase of 14.5% over 2006 . In 2008, PTP handled 5.6 million TEUs. In 2009, the container throughput of PTP was 6.02 million TEUs, which was 7.5% higher than in 2008. In 2010, the port handled 6.5 million TEUs, an overall growth rate of 8% higher than in 2009. In 2011, PTP handled 7.5 million TEUs, an increase of 15% compared to 2010. In 2012, PTP's container throughput rose from 7.5 million to 7.7 million TEUs, an increase of 2.4%.
The accelerated growth of Tanjong Palapas Port depends on the port’s proximity to busy sea lanes and the Singapore Port, which has continued to grow for nearly two centuries. Positioning itself as a replacement for Singapore's terminal, mainly because it is close to the second channel of Tuas operated by Singapore. After continuing to grow until 2000, it can basically serve as the world’s largest container ship operator Maersk Line, holding 30% of the port’s holding company. The equity transaction was signed on August 17, 2000. At the end of the year, effectively transfer all Maersk business from Singapore Port to the new port. Maersk was once the largest operator in Singapore, and this change caused Singapore's business to drop by 10%.
In 2002, Evergreen Shipping Company (EMC), the world's second largest shipping company after Maersk that year , also transferred its business from Singapore to PTP. This incident has sounded a wake-up call for the port of Singapore. It is widely speculated in the shipping industry that Evergreen’s support for PTP and Maersk’s relocation may not be an accidental incident. Other shipping companies have also successively used PTP services.
In 2012, the Port of Tanjong Palapas announced that it would add two berths through an investment of MYR1.4 billion, and the expanded terminal will have a total of 14 berths. The length of the pier will be increased by 0.7 kilometers, turning the existing length of 4.32 kilometers into a linear pier with a length of 5.0 kilometers. These two berths were fully launched in the first quarter of 2014, and the expansion project increased the terminal's annual handling capacity to 10.4 million TEUs.