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Odessa Port (UAODS)

Port Code UAODS City Odessa
Port Name ODESSA Country/Region Ukraine
Category Port City Route THE BLACK SEA
Nearby Main Port Inland Transport
Official Website Port Type Main Port

Introduction of Odessa Port (UAODS)

Overview:

Odessa Port is located on the southwestern shore of Odessa Bay on the southern coast of Ukraine, on the northwest side of the Black Sea, and is the largest bay in Ukraine The port is also the main oil port in Ukraine. It was built in 1415 and was called Kagibeyi at the time. It was renamed Odessa in 1975. Since the second half of the 19th century, it has become an important commercial port and the largest port on the northern shore of the Black Sea. Now it is the industrial, scientific, cultural and tourist center of southern Ukraine. The main industries are agricultural machinery, precision machine tools, cranes, chemicals and food processing. The port is about 18km away from the airport , and there are regular flights to all parts of the world.  

Odessa Port has a temperate continental climate with prevailing northwest winds and foggy winters, especially in December. The highest annual average temperature is about 24 degrees Celsius and the lowest is about -8 degrees Celsius. The freezing period is from the second half of December to February of the following year, and icebreakers are required to assist navigation. The annual average rainfall is about 500mm. The water level rises and falls generally up to 0.6~1m.  

The port area is mainly composed of jetty terminals, with breakwaters covering the east and north. The port is divided into 7 harbor basins, with a total of 38 berths, with a maximum water depth of 12m. In addition to the main oil terminals, there are also dedicated terminals for bulk, general cargo and containers. Loading and unloading equipment includes all kinds of shore cranes, gantry cranes, floating cranes, hoists and other equipment and transportation tools. Among them, the maximum lifting capacity of the gantry crane is 45 tons, and the maximum lifting capacity of the floating crane is 100 tons. The oil terminal is the largest and most reliable oil tanker of 50,000 dwt. The water depth of the big ship anchorage is 14 meters. The port has trade relations with more than 200 ports in more than 60 countries in the world. The main imported goods are crude oil, coal, cotton and machinery, and the main export goods are grains, sugar, timber, wool and groceries. The annual cargo handling capacity reaches 30 million tons. If needed during holidays, homework can be arranged, but overtime pay is payable.

Port business

The Odessa Commercial Seaport is one of the largest ports in the Black Sea, so busy, it is actually an outer port, the Port of Illichivsk, which was established in 1857 to handle the volume of cargo that the Odessa Port cannot accommodate.

In 2008, the Port of Odessa handled a total of 34.5 million tons of cargo, including 17.4 million tons of cargo and 17.1 million tons of liquid cargo.

The facilities in the Port of Odessa can handle 18 million tons of dry cargo and 25 million tons of liquid cargo each year. The port of Odessa handles all kinds of cargo, including oil, condensate, containers, metals, ore, raw sugar, grain, paper, and perishable cargo.

Covering an area of ​​133.3 hectares, the Port of Odessa has eight cargo handling complexes, including a modern container terminal with a capacity of more than 500,000 boxes of container cargo and a special (economic zone) economic zone. The port of Odessa has 54 berths, with a wharf over nine kilometers, which can hold 100,000 tons, is 300 meters long, and has a maximum draft of 13 meters. The Odessa Port Passenger Terminal is located in the historic area of ​​the city. It is the largest passenger terminal in Ukraine, with a 300-meter-long cruise ship that can accommodate 4 million passengers per year.

The transit cargo terminal in Odessa Port operates 24 hours a day and maintains a 6-hour turnaround time on containers passing through the port. The terminal includes two warehouses, each with an area of ​​more than 2,000 square meters and a capacity of 3650 pallets or packages. The warehouse can be loaded with nine trucks at the same time, equipped with advanced safety fire protection and ventilation systems.

Odessa Port No. 11 (called PHC Complex) began operations in 2003. The complex specializes in handling metal products, general cargo, sawn timber, bulk cargo, food and containers. The complex has three cargo berths, ranging from 170 meters to 185 meters in length and 10 meters in depth. The port of the Odessa complex is equipped with long and heavy cargo in containers. In the future, the Port of Odessa will further develop berths to handle more general cargo and containers.

The shipyard of Odessa Port Ukraine repairs various ships with a deadweight of 30,000 tons. As long as the city of Odessa and some of the largest ships of the Soviet Union were repaired there, the wharf would have existed. Today, Ukraine’s 7,500-square-meter shipyard transports ships from various countries. The total length of its berth is 1230 meters. The wharf is 570 meters long and the ship is 7.1 meters long. The shipyard is equipped with 6 10-30 tons gantry cranes, fully equipped, and railway branch lines.

All kinds of cargo are handled at the PHC terminal in the port of Odessa. PHC-1, Berth 2 specializes in containers. The berth is 310 meters long and the maximum allowable draft is 12.3 meters. PHC-7 in Odessa Port, Berths 3 and 4 handle bulk grain, iron ore, ferroalloys, cast iron and rolled ferrous metals. Berth 3 is 230 meters long and has a maximum allowable draft of 11.8 meters. Berth 4 is 270 meters long and has a maximum allowable draft of 11.5 meters.

PHC-2, No. 7 and No. 8 in the port of Odessa specialize in rolling ferrous metals, bulk grain, equipment and cast iron. Berth 7 is 350 meters long, with a maximum allowable draft of 11.5 meters, and Berth 8 is 280 meters long with a maximum allowable draft of 9.3 meters.

The PHC-3 in the port of Odessa, berths 10-13, specialize in processing rolled ferrous metals, large amounts of cast iron and paper. Berth 10 is 270 meters long and has a maximum allowable draft of 11.3 meters. Berth 11 is 810 meters long and has a maximum allowable draft of 11.5 meters. Berth 12 is 200 meters long with a maximum allowable draft of 11.5 meters, and Berth 13 is 200 meters long with a maximum allowable draft of 11.7 meters.

PHC-6, Berth 14 in the Port of Odessa handles rolled ferrous metals, large amounts of cast iron, sawn timber and general cargo. The berth is 270 meters and the maximum allowable draft is 9.9 meters.

PHC-4 in the Port of Odessa, berths 22, 25 and 26 handle ferrous metals, refrigerated and food cargo, general cargo, bulk cast iron, ferroalloys, iron ore and equipment. Berth 22 is 150 meters long and has a maximum allowable draft of 8.9 meters. Berths 25 and 26 are each 200 meters long, with a maximum allowable draft of 10 meters.

The PHC-5 at Odessa Port, berths 29-33 specialize in bulk grain, raw sugar, rolled metal, iron ore and equipment, with a total length of 915 meters. Berth 29 is 255 meters long and has a maximum allowable draft of 12.5 meters. Berth 30 is 160 meters long and has a maximum allowable draft of 9.7 meters. No. 31 has a length of 160 meters and a maximum allowable draft of 10.1 meters. Berth 32 is 170 meters long and has a maximum allowable draft of 10.9 meters. Berth 33 is 170 meters long and has a maximum allowable draft of 11.6 meters.

The PHC-11 at the Port of Odessa, berths 4z, 5z and 17z specialize in handling rolled ferrous metals, general cargo, sawn timber and food. It also provides services for filling and unloading containers. Berth 4z also handles vegetables and tropical oils and bulk fats. Berth 4z is 180 meters long and has a maximum allowable draft of 9.5 meters. Berth No. 5 is 180 meters long and has a maximum allowable draft of 6 meters, while Berth No. 17 is 150 meters long and has a maximum allowable draft of 6.4 meters.

The Odessa Port oil station is the largest oil port in Ukraine, handling various import and export oil products and condensate gas. The berths in the port of Odessa can handle tankers with a capacity of 10 to 90 thousand tons.

The port of Odessa is 230 meters long and 12.3 meters deep, and can accommodate ships up to 240 meters long. Berth 1 handles oil, fuel oil and vacuum gas oil. Berth 2 can handle vessels up to 250 meters in length. The berth is 270 meters long and 12.5 meters deep. Berth No. 4 is 120 meters long and 9.8 meters deep, and can accommodate ships up to 175 meters long.

The mooring No. 5 on the oil terminal of Odessa Port is 240 meters long and 11.6 meters long, and can accommodate ships up to 240 meters long. It is 150 meters long and 4.8 meters deep. Berth 6 can accommodate ships up to 125 meters long. Berth 7 is 175 meters long and 8.5 meters deep, and can accommodate ships up to 135 meters long.

Berths 1 and 2 handle oil, fuel, oil and vacuum gas oil. Berth 4 handles diesel, fuel oil, vacuum gas oil and condensate gas. Berth 5 handles oil, gasoline, diesel, fuel oil, vacuum gas oil and gasoline. Berth 6 handles gasoline and diesel, while Berth 7 handles condensed gas.

The oil cargo moves through a dedicated pipeline connecting the berth to the tank. The capacity of these tanks is 245,000 cubic meters of light or dark oil, 3.04 million cubic meters of fuel and vacuum gas oil, 112 cubic meters of diesel and 10,000 cubic meters of gasoline. The tank base has railway bypasses and overpasses. An ordinary natural gas terminal is three kilometers away from the oil port with an annual throughput capacity of 700,000 tons. The oil port can handle 25.5 million tons of crude oil and oil products each year. Among them, 15.3 million tons of petroleum, 6.2 million tons of fuel, 2.5 million tons of diesel, and 800,000 tons of other petroleum products.

The Port of Odessa has one of the best passenger transport hubs in the world. Only 4 kilometers from the central railway station and 8 kilometers from the airport, the Odessa Port Passenger Terminal is located in the heart of the historic part of the city. The passenger terminal includes marine art galleries, four-star hotels, concert and exhibition halls, yacht complexes and many travel agency offices. Approximately four million people take the passenger transport center on cruise ships in the United States, Britain, Germany, Norway and Italy each year.

The passenger terminal of Odessa Port can accommodate five ships at the same time. Its seven piers have a total length of 1370 meters and a depth of 9.5 meters to 11.5 meters. There are restaurants, bank stations, post offices and ticket offices for rail and air transportation in the terminal.

Odessa Port Passenger Terminal No. 5 is 130 meters long and has a maximum allowable draft of 10 meters. Berth 16 is 280 meters long and has a maximum allowable draft of 11.3 meters. No. 18 has a length of 200 meters and a maximum allowable draft of 9.8 meters. The length of Berth 19 is 200 meters, and the maximum allowable draft is 9.6 meters. The length of Berth 20 is 160 meters and the maximum allowable draft is 7.3 meters. The length of berth 21 is 150 meters, the maximum allowable draft is 8.5 meters, the length of No. 23 is 240 meters, and the maximum allowable draft is 9.3 meters.

The exhibition and concert hall of the Odessa Port Passenger Terminal covers an area of ​​45,000 square meters. It has a 140 square meter stage, seats for 500 spectators, eight dressing rooms and a powerful electric sound system. The diving center at the passenger terminal of Odessa Port provides diving equipment, instructors, and tours of more than 50 sunken ships and natural areas in the area. The bars and restaurants of the Odessa Port Ferry Terminal offer national cuisine, live music and dancing.

The Maritime Art Museum of Odessa Port Passenger Terminal covers an area of ​​1,070 square meters and is located on the coastline. Its exhibits include paintings, sculptures and marine paintings created by artists from Ukraine and other countries. It also has room for meetings and conferences.

The passenger terminal is the Church of St. Nicholas, the first seafarers’ church in the port of Odessa. The church was founded in 1801 and was rebuilt in front of the yacht complex in 1993. It contains an Orthodox literature library and a church where seamen and travelers can request Saint Nicholas, the patron saint of sailors, to protect their voyages.

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Summary of UAODS

The Port of Odessa or Odessa Sea Port (Port Code:UAODS)—located near Odessa—is the largest Ukrainian seaport and one of the largest ports in the Black Sea basin, with a total annual traffic capacity of 40 million tonnes (15 million tonnes dry bulk and 25 million tonnes liquid bulk). The port has an immediate access to railways allowing quick transfer of cargo from sea routes to ground transportation. Along with its younger satellite ports of Chornomorsk (1958) and Yuzhne (1973), port of Odessa is a major freight and passenger transportation hub of Ukraine.
The area of the wharf is 75,524 m2 (812,930 sq ft). It can accommodate ships with a displacement of up to 30,000 tons. Piers length is a total of 1,230 m (4,040 ft), including 570 m (1,870 ft) for ship maintenance. The depth by piers reaches up to 7.1 m (23 ft). The cargo lifting capabilities consist of six portal cranes that lift 10-30 tons and two floating cranes one a self-propelled one that lifts 100 tons, another fixed that lifts 5 tons.

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