Bochum is a city in the Ruhr region of western Germany. Located between the Ruhr River and Emschel River, 16 kilometers west of Essen. The population is 391,000 (1983). Seen in records in 1041, it was a farm product distribution town in the 13th century. In the mid-nineteenth century, the population was only 20,000. With the exploitation of coal and iron resources, it quickly developed into an industrial, mining, commercial and cultural center in the Ruhr area. The industries include steel, chemical, automobile, machinery, textile, beer, cigarette and electrical machinery sectors. There are many schools and research institutions in the city. Ruhr University was founded in 1965. There are also the School of Administration, Industry, Foreign Trade, Mining Institute, Space Satellite Research Institute, Planetarium, Mineral Geology Museum and Sports Field.
As one of the few Ruhr area cities, Bochum is not directly connected to the German waterway network; the closest link is the Rhine-Herne Canal in Herne further north. The Port of Bochum is on the Ruhr River on the southern border of Bochum. As of the first half of the 19th century, it was one of the most important tourist rivers in Europe and was mainly used for transportation of coal mines. Despite the excursion boat, the sailing service time ended long ago.
Bochum is connected to the motorway network: a 40, A 43 and A 44 motorway. In addition, Bochum has a ring road, built to highway standards, which includes four parts; the Donezk, Oviedo, Northhausen and Sheffield ring roads. It serves as a third quarter ring around the center of Bochum and starts on the highway A40. It ends at the Ruhr University in Bochum and also runs the A43 motorway service from the Nordhausen ring highway. Until 2012, the new interchange between Donezk ring and the A40 highway (triangular Bochum West) was being expanded within a tight range due to the presence of nearby factories.
In addition to some sections and highways, there is also the center of Bochum around, where most of the roads radiate out of the road from Bochum to the small ring. Traffic lights on the multi-lane road, the main road in Bochum. Bochum also released Bundesstrabe51 and Bundesstrabe226. B51 runs to Hearn and Hattingen, and B226 runs Gelsenkirchen and Witten.
Bochum has a central station on the line from Duisburg to Dortmund, connecting the city's long-distance network Deutsche Bahn and the Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn network.
Bus, tram, subway
Bochum local services are mainly supplied by BOGESTRA, joint ventures and loading and unloading between the cities of Bochum Gelsenkirchen. The Stadtbahn in Bochum is a single metro line connecting Bochum’s University Hearn and the Bochum/Gelsenkirchen tram network, connecting to Gelsenkirchen, Hattingen and Witten. Public transportation in cities is sold according to the fare system of the VRR Transport Association.
Bochum, one of the few cities in the Ruhr area, is not directly connected to the German waterway network; the closest link is the Rhine-Herne Canal in Herne, further north. The border of Bochum in the south is marked by the Ruhr. As of the first half of the 19th century, it was one of the most important tourist rivers in Europe and was mainly used for transportation of coal mines. Despite the excursion boat, the sailing service time ended a long time ago.
The nearest airports to Bochum are Essen/Mülheim Airport (27 km), Dortmund Airport (31 km) and Dusseldorf International Airport (47 km). In order to reach the airport Düsseldorf, there are also ICE, intercity, RE and S railway lines. Other accessible airports are Cologne Airport, Weeze Airport, Münster Osnabrück International Airport and Paderborn Airport Lippstadt.