The Port of Barcelona is located on the east bank of the Spanish estuary, on the northwest side of the Mediterranean Sea, and is the largest seaport in Spain. Founded in 237 AD, the Carthaginians first established a village here, and then a city in 415 AD. It is currently the capital of the Autonomous Region of Catalonia, Spain’s largest industrial, commercial and cultural center, one of Spain’s shipbuilding centers, and one of the busiest ports in Europe. It has a modern international airport and direct flights to the Middle East, America and European countries. There is a round-trip flight every hour on the "air bridge" between Barcelona and Madrid.
The Port of Barcelona (Port of Barcelona, port code: ESBCN) is the largest seaport in Spain. The Port of Barcelona is an estuary seaport with a free trade zone and a basic port. It is the largest general cargo port in Spain and one of the ten largest container handling ports on the Mediterranean coast.
The Port of Barcelona is located on the east bank of the Llobregos (LLOBREGOS) estuary on the northeastern coast of Spain (Spain SPAIN), close to the urban area, on the northwest side of the Mediterranean Sea (MEDITERRANEANSEA), 185 nautical miles from the Port of Marseille in the northeast and Serbia in the southeast. The port is 1590 nautical miles, 161 nautical miles to the port of Valencia in the southwest , and 513 nautical miles to Gibraltar in the northwest. The latitude and longitude of the port are: 41°22′N, 002°10′E. The coast of the port is partially dug by hand. Ten jetties extend from the land bank, and the direction is slightly southwest and northeast, and there is a long embankment extending from north to south. To protect, the ship enters the port from the south.
The Port of Barcelona has a subtropical Mediterranean climate, with more west and northwest winds in the morning, and more south and southwest winds in the afternoon. The highest annual average temperature is 33°C and the lowest is 1°C. The annual average rainfall is about 750～900mm. The tidal range of the Scheldt is 4.2-4.5m, and the average tidal range is about 0.3m.
There are quite a lot of roads in the urban and suburban areas of Barcelona. The more important ones include the A7 highway that extends from France through this place and then southward along the coastline to Valencia, from which it passes through Zaragoza (Zaragoza) to the west.
The E4 highway to Madrid connects to the Al9 highway on the Mediterranean coast to the north. In addition to these main lines, there are countless highways leading to major cities and small towns on the north, west and south sides. From Barcelona to some major cities in Spain, the road mileage are: Madrid 627 kilometers, Bilbao 607 kilometers, Lleida 169 kilometers, Tarragona 109 kilometers, Valencia 361 kilometers, Zaragoza It is 307 kilometers and 388 kilometers to Tulles, a large city in southwestern France.
In addition to driving on the road system, you can also take long-distance buses of companies such as Iberbus. The buses from this can even go to London, Paris, Rome, Lisbon, and Amsterdam. Of course, you can also go to various cities in the country. The northern resort coast has the most traffic.
The most convenient means of transportation is the train, which departs every half an hour from 6:00 to 22:30 and ends at the Estacion Sants-Central train station in the city center. The travel time is about 15-20 minutes. Use this ticket You can directly transfer to the RENFE (Spanish National Railway) train at Sants-Central train station to other train stations in the city. In addition to this special line train, there is also a bus connection between the airport and the Paral.lel Avenue next to Plaza de España in the city. Although the fare is cheaper than the train, it takes a longer time and is often troublesome due to traffic jams, so the average person is more Use less.
Since Barcelona is a large station for international and domestic lines, the train frequency is quite dense. The only international train from Barcelona is to France, and there are not many trains. Since both international and domestic long-distance trains are equipped with sleeping cars at night, it is quite convenient for long-distance travellers.
In addition to the Spanish national railway system, Barcelona is also the center of the Catalunya Railway (Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya, referred to as FGC) that specializes in Catalonia. Its main stations are located in Plaza Catalunya and Plaza de España, if you want to go to the Sierra de Montserrat, a tourist attraction in the west of the city, this train is the most convenient way.
The existing commercial terminal line in Barcelona Port has a total length of 12.1 kilometers, a frontal water depth of 8-14 meters, and a water area of 300 hectares. The main berths in the port area are: GENERAL CARGO terminal (grocery), 3 berths, coastline length of 803 meters, maximum water depth of 14 meters; BULK CARGO terminal (bulk cargo), 6 berths, coastline length of 1263 meters, maximum water depth is 13.1 Meters; CONTAINER terminal (container), 5 berths, coastline length of 1440 meters, maximum water depth of 14 meters; OIL QUAY terminal (oil terminal), 3 berths, coastline length of 652 meters, maximum water depth of 12 meters.
To the south of the port is the loading and unloading of oil, natural gas, containers, and cement. The oil terminal is located to the west of the southern entrance. There are a crude oil jetty extending from the land bank to the southeast, and a refined oil and liquefied natural gas jetty extending from the south to the north. There are 12 berths in total, and the maximum 60,000-ton ships can be berthed. The land bank to the west of the refined oil and natural gas jetty is a container terminal . The terminal line is 1,100 meters, and there are 6 35-45 tons loading and unloading bridges. The terminal area is 30 hectares and the warehouse is 15480 TEUs. It is the main container terminal in Barcelona. To the north of the container terminal and to the south of the crude oil jetty are the cement export and soybean re-export terminals. The terminal line is 600 meters long.
The central jetty of the port of Barcelona is the bulk cargo port area of the port. The three south jetties are unloading docks for coal, scrap steel, steel, etc., and the coal storage yard is 60,000 tons; the north jetty is a grain and feed dock. There are 3 grain depots on the dock. , With a capacity of 65,000 tons. The northern part of the port is the general cargo passenger port area of Barcelona's inner port. There are 80-90 berths in the port, with an annual throughput of about 18 million tons, of which more than one-third of general cargo, containers, making it the largest general cargo port in Spain. It is one of the ten largest container throughput ports on the Mediterranean coast.
The port’s wharf is the largest and reliable ship with 80,000 deadweight tons, the open-air storage yard area is about 45,000 m∧<2>, the grain storage capacity is about 187,000 tons, and the oil depot has a storage capacity of 35 cubic meters. The port's free trade zone covers an area of 5,000 square meters. There are about 7,000 import and export ships in Barcelona every year, more than 250 international routes, and complete city buses and subway facilities. The transportation of goods between Bar Harbor and the European Community countries is mainly by trucks. Catalonia has the densest and most modern road network in Spain, and it takes only one and a half hours from Bar Harbor to the French border.
Loading and unloading equipment
The loading and unloading equipment at the port of Barcelona includes various shore cranes, portal cranes, portable cranes, container cranes, floating cranes, straddle carriers, forklifts, trolleys, tractors and ro-ro facilities, among which the floating cranes have the largest lifting capacity Up to 160 tons, there are also oil pipelines with a diameter of 101.6 to 406.4mm for the loading and unloading of oil ships. Loading and unloading efficiency: about 1,000 tons of chemical fertilizers per hour, 1,000 tons of cement per hour, 1,500 tons of ore per hour, 1,000 tons of crude oil per hour, and 15,000 to 27,000 tons of grains per hour.
The main imported goods at the Port of Barcelona are wool, cotton, grains, coal, oil, iron, wood, fertilizer, sugar, machinery, copper, jute fiber and chemicals, etc. The main export goods are textiles, cork, wine, olive oil, and housing. Tiles, soap, paper, fruits, wool products, glass products and sundries, etc. In 1994, the container throughput reached 540,000 TEU, an increase of 7.8% over 1993, and the annual cargo handling capacity was about 40 million tons, of which import accounted for about 70%.