Bangkok Port, commonly known as Kaduying Port, is an international port on the Chao Phraya River in Khlong Toe County, the capital of Bangkok . Operated by the Port Authority of Thailand. Since 1947, Thailand was the main international port until it was replaced by the deep-sea port LaChChabang in 1991. It is primarily a cargo port, although its inland areas limit ships of 12,000 dwt or less. The port handled 11,936,855 tons (13,158 tons, 130 tons in the first eight months of the 2010 fiscal year), accounting for approximately 22% of the country’s total international ports.
The Port of Bangkok is one of the 100 busiest container ports in the world. The port also provides regular docks for loading and unloading cargo.
After being built with a loan from the World Bank, the port flourished in the 1950s. In order to meet the increasing traffic, the Port of Colontoni expanded on a large scale in the early 1980s. It handles 98% of Thailand’s imports, 60% of export goods and 40% of coastal traffic. Despite improving port infrastructure, ports are still insufficient. As a result, Laem Chabang Port was completed, reducing the tonnage of Bangkok Port. Although port imports fell by 40%, the export volume after 1995 remained at a satisfactory level.
Port of Bangkok (Port of Bangkok, TH, port code: THBKK) Thailand's first commercial port. Located in the lower reaches of the Chao Phraya River in the central part of the country, near the Gulf of Bangkok. The sea route reaches 56 nautical miles southeast of Sriracha Port, 60 nautical miles to Ramchaban Port, 79 nautical miles to Sattahip Port, 294 nautical miles to Kampong Son Port in Cambodia, 400 nautical miles to Songkhla Port, and 831 nautical miles to Singapore Port. It is 1503 nautical miles from Hong Kong in the northeast; to the rear, southwest of the Malay Peninsula's north-south trunk line, east to the Thai-Cambodian border Aran Town, southeast to the new container transfer port Ramchaban; to the north of Bangkok is Don Mueang International Airport . The port area is located on both banks of the river below the PHRA BUDDHA YODFATH bridge in the southwest of Bangkok. There are 87 quayside berths for marine ships, including 2 berths in the Thonburi general cargo import port area on the right bank 46 kilometers away from the estuary, capable of berthing 26.2 long. Vessels; an imported general cargo berth at TMU Wharf on the right bank of the river mouth 39.5 kilometers away, capable of berthing 121.9-meter-long ships: especially the concave bank of the northern curve of the river channel 26-29 kilometers away from the estuary, which is the KLONGTOI port area where the Port Authority is located. This is the main port area where ocean-going general cargo ships berth. There are 16 berths, and the largest ship can be berthed at 172.2 meters. The port area is divided into east and west docks along the river bank. The west dock is 1,700 meters long, and the water depth is 11.0-11.5 meters along the side. There are good loading and unloading and storage equipment on the dock; the east dock is expanded on the basis of a river fork. The total length is 1,000 meters, and the water depth is between 3.5 and 6.5 meters. The east wharf extends 1,240 meters downstream, and the water depth is 11.5 meters. There are 6 container berths. There are 6 32.5-ton loading and unloading bridges on the wharf, and two 165 Tons of cranes, with a wharf area of 16 hectares and 8200 marked container yards, it is the container terminal after the expansion of the port area. There are also 7 pier-type export cargo berths on the opposite bank of the west wharf of the port area, consisting of 36 piers. On the upper and lower left bank of the port area are the refineries of Esso, Shell and other oil companies. The port has 14 berths for state-owned and private oil companies, mainly located near the Kongdi port area. In Beilan, which is 5-7 kilometers downstream from the river mouth, there are also 8 import and export cargo berths composed of 25 piers. In addition, there are 40 private export cargo berths located along the river. In addition, there are 5 anchorages and 21 berths along the river, including 2 berths at the front anchorage of Hezuoyan Wharf in the lower reaches of Beilan, the estuary, which can moor 152.4-meter-long ships. The Beilan Customs Anchorage has 4 berths and can moor 91.4-meter ships. There are three berths at the upstream anchorage of Beilan, one of which can moor a 152.4-meter long ship, and the other two can moor a 172-meter long ship. At the end of the SATHUPRADIT River which is 36-39 kilometers away from the mouth of the river, there are 6 buoys in the south that can moor 5 137.2-meter long ships, and there are 3 berths in the north that can moor 121.9-meter long ships. There are also 4 anchorage berths in the Thonburi River section to the north of the KRUMJTHEP bridge. There are more than 100 quay walls and anchorage berths in the port, and the port's cargo throughput has been more than 30 million tons since the end of the 1980s.
Thailand's state-owned Port Authority (PAT) is the main agency for port management and supervision of port competitiveness in China and various regions. PAT cooperates with the interests of the government and the private sector to promote commercial activities, ensure modern cargo handling and transportation, and promote logistics and multimodal transportation.
PAT supervises and manages all Thai ports, focusing on the two main ports in the country, Bangkok Port and LaChChabang Port. PAT cooperates with private companies such as Hutchison Port Holdings and PSA International to operate the port. PAT is headquartered in Bangkok Port.
Bangkok Port occupies an area of about 941 acres, of which 344 are located in the customs area for operations. The port of Bangkok contains terminals, administrative buildings, warehouses, transit sheds and open-air warehouses. The expansion area outside the Bangkok Customs area is 29 acres, 76 acres for passages, and 344 acres for commercial development. Bangkok Port provides easy access to Thailand’s road and rail system
The port of Bangkok includes a coastal area of approximately 66 kilometers (44 miles). The way to the port of Bangkok is through an 18-kilometer (11.2-mile) bar passage with a width of 150 to 250 meters (492 to 820 feet) and a depth of 8.5 meters (27.9 feet). The depth of Bangkok Port is 8.5 to 11 meters (27.9 to 36.1 feet).
The total length of the wharf is 1528 meters (5013 feet). There are eight berths at the Bangkok Port East Wharf, seven of which can accommodate ships with a length of 172.26 meters (565.2 feet), with a maximum draft of 8.23 meters (27 feet) and can handle a length of 91.46 meters (300 feet) ship, the draft is 4.57 meters (15 feet).
The Klongtoey Dolphin in Bangkok Port has a 1,400-meter (45,93-foot) pier with 36 berths. It can accommodate seven ships with a length of 172.26 meters (565 feet), and the draft is 8.23 meters (27 feet). With a total length of 1,520 meters (4987 feet), the Bang Hua Sua Dolphin in Bangkok Port has 25 berths and can accommodate 8 boats with a length of 172.26 meters and 8.23 meters. Bangkok’s mooring buoy port at Sathupradit is 1,580 meters (5,184 feet) long and has five berths. It can accommodate four ships with a length of 137.19 meters (450 feet), a draft of 7.62 meters (25 feet) and a 91.46 meter (300 feet) ship with a draft of seven meters (23 feet).
The fleet of Bangkok Port includes 11 tugboats. From 1225 to 2440, Bangkok Port also had 12 rope ships, seven barge barges, five coastal tugboats, five survey ships, three dredgers, and three drag-type ships. Dredger, two buoys, two garbage ships, one water supply ship, and one yacht and survey ship.
Bangkok Port has a wide range of cargo handling equipment, including 14 32.5 to 40 ton rail-mounted quayside gantry cranes, 36 rubber gantry cranes, 3 10 ton mobile cranes and 7 50 ton mobile crane cranes. Bangkok Port's container handling equipment includes 57 30-ton container chassis, 94 45-ton container chassis, 25 7-ton empty container stackers and 154 30-40-ton container tractors. Other port facilities in Bangkok include 35 40-ton loaders, 14 tractors, 35 40-ton loaders, 11 multi-function trailers, 222 forklifts and 45 5 to 7-ton motorcycles. There are nine trailers in the port of Bangkok: two 30 tons, four 20 tons and three 8 tons.
The warehouses at the port of Bangkok include warehouses, transit sheds and open spaces. The 1st to 8th floor of the transit shed covers an area of 9.7 hectares, the inner area is 3.7 hectares, and the outer area is 6 hectares. The bus lines 9,11 and 13-17 of Bangkok Port total 13.1 hectares, of which 4.7 hectares inland area, 7.4 hectares outside area and 4.1 hectares of open space. Supplementary transit sheds 4 and 5 cover one acre. Bangkok Container Terminal No. 1 has a cargo yard of 9.9 hectares, while Container Terminal No. 2 has an area of 4.9 hectares. The port of Bangkok has an empty container terminal with a capacity of 8520 TEU, and the open space is filled with 2208 TEU containers.
The bonded warehouse in Bangkok Port includes a 1.6-acre red building and a new building with an internal storage area of 3,120 square meters (336,000 square feet). The overtime cargo warehouse in Bangkok Port provides 2.2 acres of internal storage and 1,120 square meters (12,000 square feet) of external storage space. The vehicle warehouse provides 1.9 acres, one thousand square meters (107,000 square feet) inside and 1.7 acres outside. There are two dangerous goods warehouses in Bangkok Port. A 976 square meters (104,000 square feet) of internal storage and 4.2 acres of open space. The second one has 1.3 acres, 2104 square meters (226,000 square feet) of internal storage and 3156 square meters (nearly 34,000 square feet) of open space.
In 2011, the Port of Bangkok welcomed 2,906 ships carrying nearly 17.3 million tons of cargo, of which 1.3 million TEUs were containerized. The cargo handled at Bangkok Port in 2011 included nearly 10 million tons of inbound cargo and 7.3 million tons of outbound cargo. Nearly 2.2 million tons of conventional cargo includes 2 million tons of entry and 1.626 million tons of exit. Container cargo includes 7.9 million tons (73,750 TEU) inbound and more than 7.1 million tons (567,900 TEU) out of the country.
Import services at the port of Bangkok include unloading, unloading, storage and delivery of containers. Full container loading (FCL) containers are stored in the terminal loading and unloading docks, and are usually stripped at the departure or consignment warehouse. The container handling (LCL) containers that are less than full at the entry are temporarily stored at the pier of the Bangkok port terminal and then moved to the assigned bus shed. Port stevedores or private operators strip LCL containers, and then transport the goods directly to customers or to transport sheds. The incoming empty containers are stored in the empty container yard and then moved to the filling area or the importer’s property. The refrigerated container was immediately inserted into the refrigerated yard of Bangkok Port.
Export services at the port of Bangkok include receiving and loading containers. Check the intact and empty containers at the main entrance, and then stack them in a closed area for loading. Bangkok Port also has a filling area and equipment for exporting full containers. Bangkok Port has a special export zone that can consolidate a large amount of goods to reduce exporters' expenses. These goods include rice, cassava, rubber, clothing, paper and plastic, and various agricultural products. The port in the Bangkok Special Export Zone is located behind Transit Shed 6, providing services with full load and insufficient containers.
The Port of Bangkok provides facilities for refrigerated containers in three regions. Container terminal 1 has 385 plugs. Container terminal 2 has 180 plugs. There are also 100 plugs in the open area near Transit Shed 17.
Bangkok Port also provides pre-travel inspection and pre-cooling services to promote the export of frozen and frozen products from Thailand. The reefer container service is fully integrated to reduce preparation and transportation time.
Container terminals 1 and 2 are located at the east port of Bangkok. Container Terminal 1 has four berths, with a total berth distance of 680 meters (2231 feet) and a depth of 8.2 meters (26.9 feet), which can accommodate ships with 100,000 to 120,000 deadweight tons. The berthing distance of No. 22 at Bangkok Port is 162 meters (531.5 feet). The berthing distance of berth 20AB is 152 meters (498.7 feet). Berths 20B and 20C each have a berth distance of 183 meters (600.4 feet).
The container terminal 1 of Bangkok Port has a marshaling yard of 9.9 hectares and 2836 ground tanks. The capacity of blocks A, B, C and D is 6840 TEU. There are 385 units of refrigerated plugs. Bangkok Port Container Terminal No. 1 has 8 rail-mounted gantry cranes with a capacity of 35.5-40 tons. It has 22 rubber gantry cranes, 2 40-ton loaders, 2 empty container stackers, 53 container tractors and 53 container chassis.
The number of employees at Bangkok Container Terminal No. 1 is 30, working 24 hours a week, 7 days a week. Receiving and entrances are open 24 hours a day. Container terminal 1 has internal customs clearance.
Container Terminal 2 located in the East Wharf Port of Bangkok has four berths with a total berthing distance of 640.5 meters (feet) and a depth of 8.2 meters (feet). The berths of berths 20D, 20E and 20G each have a berth distance of 183 meters (feet). Berth 20G has a berth distance of 91.5 meters (feet) and a depth of 4.5 meters (feet).
Bangkok Container Terminal No. 2 has a five-hectare road closure site and 1,554 ground troughs. The capacity of blocks E, F, G and H is 6357 TEU containers and 1805 refrigerated plugs. Container Terminal 2 is equipped with six rail-mounted gantry cranes ranging from 35.5 to 38 tons and 12 rubber gantry cranes. It has a 40-ton top loader and an empty container arrival stacker. Bangkok Port Container Terminal 2 has 45 container tractors and 45 container chassis. Container Terminal 2 has 237 employees and is open 24 hours a week, 7 days a week. The receiving channel is open 24 hours a day and provides internal customized customs clearance services.
- Bulk Cargo and Bulk Cargo Terminal
Bulk cargo berthed at the western wharf in Bangkok. There are 13 hectares of bulk cargo storage area in Bangkok Port, including warehouses, transport sheds and open-air warehouses.
The long wharf of Bangkok Port is 6,160 meters (202,000 feet). The berth distance is 115 meters (377.3 feet), and the passenger berth (berth 22A) can accommodate a vessel with a maximum length of 172.26 meters (565.2 feet) and a maximum draft of 8.23 meters (27 feet). The total length of the nine conventional berths (berth 22B-22J) is 1545 meters (5069 feet), and can accommodate 9 ships with a length of 172.26 meters and a length of 8.23 meters.
There are two dedicated areas for cars in Bangkok Port. There is a 1.7 acre open area for cars, and a 1.9 acre covered area for better cars.
All vessels sailing between the entrance of the Bangkok port and the upper limit of the river at the port need to provide pilotage services. The Marine Department provides pilots.
There is a one-stop service center and bonded warehouse at the port of Bangkok. Bonded warehouse 1 is a three-story building, covering about 1.5 acres, with less than one ton of goods. Bonded warehouse 2 is a part of Bangkok's overtime cargo warehouse port. With an operating area of 3,200 square meters (344,000 square feet), it can hold up to five tons of heavy cargo. Next to Warehouse 2, there is a supplementary area of approximately 3,000 square meters (323,000 square feet).