Introduction of Tokyo Haneda International Airport
Tokyo Haneda International Airport (IATA code: HND, ICAO code: RJTT), commonly known as Haneda Airport, Tokyo Haneda Airport, and Haneda International Airport, is one of two international airports serving the Greater Tokyo Area, the other one being Narita International Airport (NRT). It is located in Ōta, Tokyo, 15 kilometres (9.3 miles) south of Tokyo Station.
The airport has three terminals: Terminal 1, Terminal 2 and Terminal 3. Terminal 1 is a linear building called "Big Bird" and opened in 1993, replacing the smaller 1970 terminal complex. Having gates 1 through 24 assigned for jet bridges and gates 31–40 and 84–90 assigned for ground boarding by bus, it is exclusively used for domestic flights within Japan. Terminal 2 was opened on December 1, 2004, and serves both domestic and international flights. However, the international departures and check-in hall was closed indefinitely on April 11, 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It has gates 51 through 73 assigned with jet bridges, gates 46–48 in satellite, and gates 500 through 511 and gates 700 through 702 assigned for ground boarding by bus. Terminals 1 and 2 are connected by an underground walkway. Terminal 3, formerly called International Terminal, opened on October 21, 2010, replacing much smaller 1998 International Terminal adjacent to Terminal 2. It has gates 105–114 and 140–149 assigned with jet bridges and gates 131 through 139 assigned for ground boarding by bus.
The airport is the third-largest air cargo hub in Japan after Narita and Kansai. By passenger throughput (87,098,683 passengers in 2018), it was the third-busiest airport in Asia and the fourth busiest in the world, after Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport, Beijing Capital International Airport (Asia's busiest), and Dubai International Airport. It is able to handle 90 million passengers per year following its expansion in 2018.